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Horticulture- Midterm (part 2)
Terms in this set (16)
Darius, Persia, knights, crusades, Columbus, Gomera, Beatrice de Bobadilla, Caribbean
Sugarcane originated in New Guinea. The Emperor ____________ of _______________ invaded India to get secret sugar cane. Europeans first tried sugar when the ____________ of the first ______________ found it in the middle east.
The explorer ________________, stopped at ______________ in the canary islands, and stayed for a month bc he became romantically involved with ____________ ______ ______________. she gave him sugar cane as a going away preset, and that's how it got to the new world. He then took the sugar cane to grow in the ________________ in 1493.
18, lb, cotton, England, industrial, southern states, exported, king cotton, succeeding, confederacy, civil war, cotton gin, labor, demand
It usually took slaves ________ hours to remove the seeds from one _______ of ____________ lint. The insatiable need for cotton by
_______________ produced in America made possible by the _______________ revolution
(the machines that made processes
faster), led to the rapid expansion of cotton agriculture in the _____________ _____________. It was then ______________, since America wasn't allowed to make their own textiles.
____________ ____________ was a slogan used by southerners to support _______________ from the US by arguing cotton exports would make an independent _________________ economically prosperous & force England/France to support them in the __________ ________.
the _____________ _______ was one of the causes leading to the war. made slave ___________ easier, so ironically _____________ for slaves went up.
irish potato, english control, catholics, restricted, land, education, quality, life, poorest, coffin, deaths, discrimination, irish, apply, education
because of the ___________ ______________ famine, a large number of irish people came to the US. since they were under _____________ _____________, their rights as ____________ were ______________. the english didn't allow irish to own __________, vote, get ______________, etc. the irish ___________ of _______ was extremely low, and they were some of the _____________ people in the western world. on their way to america, they were packed like sardines in ____________ ships. there were numerous ____________ on the ships. once they reached america, they faced _________________. there were help wanted signs that said "no ___________ need ___________" beneath them. In _____________, America portrayed catholics as villainous.
pommes, terre, pont, neuf, new bridge, fish, chips, saratoga chips, WWI, automobiles, roadside restaurants
the first "french fries" were called "____________ de __________ __________ __________" which means __________ _____________ Potatoes. They next traveled to england where they were known as ____________ and ___________. after that, they arrived at America as _______________ ___________.
While at war in __________, troops from the french front came back loving french fries. they became even more popular when people got their own ________________ and frequented ________________ __________________.
pommes, terre, pont, neuf
the first "french fries" were called "____________ de __________ __________ __________" which means New Bridge Potatoes.
freed african american, FDR, WWII, rubber, military bases, rubber supply, expensive
WILL BE ON EXAM!!
Why was Liberia important to the US in WWII?
Liberia was colonized by _____________ _______________ ____________. President _________ travelled to Liberia in the middle of __________ to discuss a few issues with its leaders, one of which was to reaffirm their commitment to continue supplying the US with ____________. another was to finalize plans to establish US ______________ ___________ in Liberia. the _____________ _____________ was scarce worldwide, and ______________, so making sure Liberia was still a provider was important.
production, processing, preservation, sectors, develop, water, shelter, sugar, labor, manufacturing, traded
Factors related to food that allowed for the development and maintenance of human civilizations were:
- advances in food ________________, _________________, and ___________________ allowed different _____________ of society to ______________ and flourish.
- also the availability of __________ and ____________.
For example: the high demand for ___________, which became popular and required __________ and __________________ (via slaves) in order to be ____________ with other civilizations.
Justin, bill, land, college, agriculture, mechanical, common, agricultural, extension, 1890, 1994
The Morrill Act came from ____________ Morrill (representative from vermont). He submitted
a _______ that would provide
states and territories public
________ to sell with purpose of
beginning a ____________ in
________________ and _______________
arts for the _____________ man. The colleges had ______________ research and _____________.
remember: (years) ________ & ________ colleges.
beans, red, harvested, fermented, sugars, sorted, green, roasting, green, flavor, browning, brewing, drip, percolator
Process of coffee from plant to cup:
1. start out as __________/berries from the coffee plant (_______ in color when ripe)
2. _____________ by hand
3. the seeds (or beans) are ______________ (turning ___________ to acids/gases).
4. seeds washed and __________ and labeled as "___________ coffee beans" 5. the _____________ process turns the _____________ beans into coffee products. the ____________ is enhanced through this part (surface ______________)
6. the final stage called ______________ can happen via a few methods. one example is __________ and _______________.
franciscan friars, missions, european grape cuttings, san francisco bay area, chinese laborers, changing american tastes, boutique wineries, napa and sonoma valley, judgement of paris
temperance, excessive, domestic abuse, alcoholism, 1800s, volstead, bootlegging, alternate, selling, violence, 33
the _______________/prohibition movement frowned upon ______________ drinking and legally banned alcohol. it hoped to lower cases of ______________ ___________.
_____________ was widespread in america in mid-__________ more than present day. the ____________ act was another name for the prohibition act. it ended up promoting ______________ and ______________ ways of ____________ wine. ____________ was heightened. finally, it was repealed in 19_____.
herbicide, two, 1:1, auxin, defoliant, concentrations, stripe, birth defects, vietnam, war, residually active, toxic
Agent orange was an ______________ that was a mixture of _________ different ones (______ratio). it contained "__________" which is a ___________ that can kill plants in high _________________. it's containers had an orange __________ on it, hence the name. it caused severe ___________ ____________ if you were exposed. It was sprayed in regions of ____________ during the __________. it is ______________ ________ because some areas presently still have __________ levels from the spraying.
refrigeration, pasteurization, transportation, distribution, regional, local
Before mechanical ___________________, __________________, and
rapid ___________________ facilities, national _________________
was, of course, impossible.
One result of this was that the United States has
always enjoyed a wide variety of _______________/craft and ____________ beers.
How did large and successful wine industry in Cali become established?
When the spanish settles new spain they wanted to introduce their culture and have wine. They also wanted to establish their religion and made missions in california. They introduced wine grape cuttings, which grew very well in cali, especially in napa and sinoma valley. Chinese labor was used to build railroads and were often hired to work wineries. US demand better wines as market grown and new boutique wineries are made and survive based on quality. Judgement of paris when paris wine experts didn't know they were drinking wine from cali after they said it was good.
france, coffee plant, glass, tunisian pirates, rationed, water, cultivation
Describe how Gabriel Mathieu de clieu helped establish coffee production in Martinique and the New world.
Returning from his voyage from ___________, De Clieu wanted to transport the ______________ ___________ he had and bring it home. To protect the plant he placed it inside a ____________ case. Along the way ______________ ____________ attacked his ship, but the plant was safe inside the glass. He also ______________ his own ____________ to ensure the plant remained healthy. After his voyage De Clieu planted it in fertile soil in Preebear, Martinique beginning the American _______________ of coffee plant.
wineries, napa valley, sonoma, premium, winemaking, Judgement, Paris, compete, france, californian, napa
During the late 1960s and early 1970s, hundreds of small boutique ____________ were founded in California's ___________ _____________ and neighboring _______________
In the process, California became
synonymous with ____________ American
"The ______________ of ___________" proved that American wines could ________________ successfully
against the best wines of _____________.
The tasting spurred an explosion of interest in ______________ wines
in general, and a special fascination with those produced in
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