AP Language Terms- Set One

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Accismus
Coyness: a form of irony in which a person feigns a lack of interest in something that he or she actually desires.
Accumulation
Figure of speech in which a speaker or a writer gathers scattered points and lists them together.
Allegory
Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in a text are equated with meanings that lie outside the text.
Alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sound.
Allusion
A brief, usually indirect reference to a person, place, or event--real or fictional.
Ambiguity
The presence of two or more possible meanings in any passage.
Amplification
General term for all of the ways that an argument, an explanation, or a description can be expanded and enriched.
Anadiplosis
Repetition of the last word of one line or clause to begin the next.
Analogy
Reasoning or arguing from parallel cases.
Anaphora
Repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses.
Anticipation
General name for argumentative strategies whereby a speaker or writer foresees and replies to objections.
Anticlimax
An abrupt shift from a noble tone to a less exalted one--often for comic effect.
Antirrhesis
Rejecting an argument because of its insignificance, error, or wickedness.
Antithesis
Juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.
Antonomasia
Substitution of a title, epithet, or descriptive phrase for a proper name (or of a personal name for a common name) to designate a member of a group or class.
Aphorism
(1) A tersely phrased statement of a truth or opinion. (2) A brief statement of a principle.
Aporia
The expression of real or simulated doubt or perplexity.
Aposiopesis
An unfinished thought or broken sentence.
Apostrophe
(1) Mark of punctuation used to indicate possessive case or omission of a letter. (2) Rhetorical term for breaking off discourse to address some absent person or thing.
Apposition
Placing side-by-side two coordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first.
Arrangement
The parts of a speech or the structure of a text.
Assonance
Identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.
Asyndeton
Omission of conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses
Auxesis
A gradual increase in intensity of meaning with words arranged in ascending order of force or importance.
Bdelygmia
A litany of abuse--a series of critical epithets, descriptions, or attributes.
Boosting
An adverbial construction used to support a claim or express a viewpoint more assertively and convincingly.
Categoria
Direct exposure of an adversary's faults.
Chiasmus
A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed.
Chleuasmos
A sarcastic reply that mocks an opponent, leaving him or her without an answer.
Climax
Mounting by degrees through words or sentences of increasing weight and in parallel construction with an emphasis on the high point or culmination of a series of events.
Commonplace
Any statement or bit of knowledge that is commonly shared among a given audience or a community.
Commoratio
Repetition of a point several times in different words.
Confirmation
The main part of a speech or text in which logical arguments in support of a position are elaborated.
Concession
Argumentative strategy by which a speaker or writer concedes a disputed point or leaves a disputed point to the audience or reader to decide.
Connotation
The emotional implications and associations that a word may carry.
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