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13 terms

Chapter 8 sec. 1 & 2

STUDY
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jurisdiction
the authority to hear and decide a case
exclusive jurisdiction
only the federal courts may hear and decide cases
original jurisdiction
the authority to hear cases for the first time
concurrent jurisdiction
either court (federal or state) may try crimes that violate both state and federal law
appellate jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court
circuit
districts Congress serves
district court
federal courts in which trials are held and lawsuits are begun
remand
when the case is sent back to the lower court to be tried again
precedent
one who gives guidance to other judges by offering a model upon which to base their own decisions on similar cases
opinion
something that offers a detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind the court's decision.
magistrate
a public official authorized to decide questions bought before a court of justice
U.S. attorneys
Government lawyers who prosecute people accused of breaking federal laws.
U.S. marshals
security at courthouses, transport federal prisoners, protect witnesses, and pursue fugitives within the U.S. for domestic crimes or foreign crimes.