Unit 7: Chapter 25- Nixon, Ford, Carter: Terms: America Pathways to the Present 2005
Terms in this set (18)
Moon Landing (1969)
It was the first successful manned mission to the moon. The Apollo 11 lunar module, named Eagle, descended to the Sea of Tranquility. Millions watched as Neil Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the moon. Buzz Aldrin planted an American flag, collected rock and soil, and left a plaque, which said that they were the first to set foot on the moon.
Oil Embargo of 1973
Arab oil-producing nations (OPEC) halted the flow of oil to nations that supported Israel. Severely threatened European and world economy, so dependent on Middle East oil.
SALT I Treaty (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)
A five-year agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union, signed in 1972, that limited the nations' numbers of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine-launched missiles
SALT II agreement
In 1979, Carter and Brezhnev finally signed the SALT II agreement which provided for limits on the number of strategic weapons and nuclear-missile launchers that each side could produce.
When the Soviets invaded Afghanistan later that year, however, the U.S. Congress refused to ratify SALT II. Concerns mounted as more nations, including China and India, began building nuclear arsenals.
Nixon and Detente
Nixon and Brezhnev proclaimed a new era of "peaceful coexistence"; "detente" would replace the hostility of the Cold War. Nixon was successfully able to reduce Cold War tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
Pentagon Papers, 1971
Secret document papers, leaded by Daniel Ellsberg, published by the New York Times in 1971, showed the blunders and deceptions that led the United States that led to the Vietnam war. Revealed the government misleading the people of its involvement in Vietnam, both about the intentions and the outcomes of the conflict.
The size of the federal government continued to grow since the WWII through today. The federal bureaucracy consists of the thousands of federal government agencies and institutions that implement and administer federal laws and programs.
The 1972 illegal entry into the Democratic National Committee offices by participants in President Richard Nixon's reelection campaign.
a political scandal as a result of the break-in committed by Nixon's administration. The goal was to cover up the attempted burglary. The scandal involved the abuse of power, bribery, and obstruction of justice by the Nixon administration. Nixon resigned before he was impeached.
Ford pardons Nixon
Ford stunned the nation by granting Nixon a "full, free, and absolute" pardon to spare the country of the agony of Nixon's criminal prosecution. He thought it was the right thing to do.
persistent high inflation combined with high unemployment and stagnant demand in a country's economy.
Camp David Accords (1978)
Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel; hosted by US President Jimmy Carter; caused Egypt to be expelled from the Arab league; created a power vacuum that Saddam hoped to fill; first treaty of its kind between Israel and an Arab state
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan (1979)
After the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in December 1979, President Carter placed an
embargo on wheat shipments to Russia, increased spending on defense, and boycotted the 1980
Olympics in Moscow.
Iranian Revolution of 1979
a popular uprising in Iran in 1978-79 that grew from the brutality, inefficiency, malfeasance, and corruption of the American-backed Shah monarchy on April 1, 1979. The shah had exiled his main opponent, the Ayatollah Khomeini, and massive street demonstrations and crippling strikes against the existing government forces the shah to leave the country in 1979.T This revolution led to the establishment of an Islamic republic.
Iranian Hostage Crisis
In 1979, Iranian fundamentalists seized the American embassy in Tehran and held fifty-three American diplomats hostage for over a year. The Iranian hostage crisis weakened the Carter presidency; the hostages were finally released on January 20, 1981, the day Ronald Reagan became president.
Three Mile Island crisis
The event in 1979 in which a plume of radioactive steam spewed from a nuclear reactor at Three Mile Island; support for nuclear energy decreased after the accident.
War Powers Act of 1973
In 1973, Congress passed this law which requires that soldiers sent into military action overseas by the President be brought back within sixty days unless Congress approves the action.
Nixon's Southern Strategy
Nixon's strategy of courting more conservative white voters from the South by promising not to support new civil rights legislation. His Southern voters strategy included with appeals to "law and order", striving to pull them away from their traditional support of the Democratic party
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