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A History of Popular Music
orchestra exam review
Terms in this set (64)
Post War Pop Music
Pop music around the time of WWII was a blend of Big Band Jazz and traditional popular trends reaching back to the beginning of the 1900's. Sinatra's timing and phrasing were particularly influential on many vocalists
Roots of Rock and Roll
Early rock and roll was a cross-breeding of rhythm and blues, and country and western music. This rhythm would eventually be covered by Elvis Presley
Early Rhythm and Blues
Ray Charles was an innovator whose significance lay in his ability to fuse elements of gospel and blues into a new style
New Orleans R&B
Little Richard hepled define early rock and roll with his energetic vocals and punding piano
Characterized by intricate harmonies and nonsense syllables of the backup vocals, Doo Wop was a major part of popular music in the 1950's
Rockabilly is the purest blend of country and western with rhythm and blues. It is the first form of rock and roll performed exclusively by white musicians
Early Rock and Roll
The performers during the early stages of rock and roll popularized the new style through elements of rebellion and sexuality. It is these aspects that appealed to a younger audience
Instrumental Rock and Roll
While Instrumental only tracks have been recorded since the birth of rock and roll, they only had a strong commercial force in the early stages of rocks history
Although many felt that the Teen Idol phase of rock and roll was a threat to sustaining rock's popularity and development, in retrospect it was merely the more conservative "pop" elements of the music that were marketed.
Brill Building Sound
Songwriters during the early 60's congregated in a New York establishment known as the Brill Building. Home to several leading music publishers, these song writes cultivated their own style of popular music that was performed by various artists of the day.
The story behind the successful girl groups of the early 60's was a partnership between singers, songwriters and producers. This phase was a vital link between earlyrock and roll and the British Invasion
While the popularity of this style was short lived, its influence was large. Surf music was in large part responsible for keeping the electric guitar at the forefront of popular music
Many record labels have become household names, but none more so that Motown. Furthermore no label is as representative of a particular style as this Detroit-based company. Motown achieved the most successful synthesis of R&B and pop.
Early British R&B
These early bands were more rock and pop oriented than pure blend blues performers. It is these groups that paved the way for the British Invasion.
The first form of British rock to make international waves. Its chief importance is that it made the self-contained guitar group the standard rock format.
Of all the movements to develop after the birth of rock and roll, none was perhaps as significant as the influx of bands from England in terms of impact on mainstream pop music and culture
Characterized by power guitar chords, melodic harmonies, and an exciting performance style, these groups paved the way for the second British Invasion
Through a combination of catchy melodies, moving harmonies, and powrful lyrics (that eventually approached "Beat" style poetry). Dylan's music influenced almost every songwriting to follow
Bob Dylan has already done much to revolutionize folk music but other groups helped popularize these innovations. Influenced as much by The Beatles as Dylan, these groups created an important sound that is still influential today.
The Beatles appearances on TV launched a thousand rock bands. These home-bread groups thrived on the primitive energy and enthusiasm of young musicians throughout the country
Dylan challenged the "fab four" to develop their music beyond simple but catchy love songs. The Beatles responded by stratching what pop music could do by incorporating elements of classical, indian and avant-garde music.
Psychedelic repressnted rock at its most adventrous and innovative. While some experiments have dated badly, many were key in development of rock as serious music.
The most diverse style in the rock era. It is the gospel influence that is most dominant. Solid rhythm sections, crisp horn arrangements and tight instrumental and vocal ensemble work were characteristic of the sound of Soul
While artists singing in an African-American style helped to popularize soul music to a wider audience
Blues, more than any other style, was the major influence on rock and roll. During the mid-60's musicians infused electric blues with loud guitars and a flashy image thereby creating a blues revival in rock
Country music is a blend of folk music. Celtic, blues, gospel, and old-time music and evolved during the 1920's and matured during the 1950's.
While important to the birth of rock and roll country music was not a prominent feature of 60's music until the end of the decade when bands started to incorporate a more recognizable sountry sound into their music.
A specific attempt by the record industry to market rock music to younger people. These artists produced many popular hits (and a lot of critical resentment), but no musical advancement.
While many artists write and sing their own songs, these artists main focus is on lyrics and melody rather than other elements. The songs are performed typically by soloists with piano or guitar.
Funk is R&B at its most rhythmis, earthy, and experimental. Just as influential as soul, but less popular than disco, funk bridged the gap between the two eras.
This is a rather dense style due to the combination of rock's basic drive and jazz's improvisional nature and rhythmic complexity
Containing some of rock and roll's most ambitious (some would say pretentious) achievements. Prog. Rock is an attempt to combine rock with classical, symphonic and literary elements
Hard Rock is perhaps THE defining rock style with its emphasis on blues, guitar driven accompainment and solos, and aggressive vocals
In simple terms, heavy metal is hard rock played with greater intensity (and volume). An important feature is the importance of the bass guitar, which is treated even more as a melodic instrument rather than just for support of harmony.
While the South is more responsible for the birth of rock and roll than any other region, it did not have a defining style until the early 70's. The characteristic sound includes strong elements of blues and hits of roots music, soul and country
Named for the glamorous visual style of its performers, Glam artists tried to raise the level of theatricality in their performances
Characterized by a sweet and sophisticated production, this style was a forerunner to disco
Combining catchy melodies and strong dance beats, Disco was a highly popular (and a profitable and marketable) movement in the mid to late 1970's
German bands who produced a rhythmically charged and sonically experimental music that influenced not only Post-Punks but also techno-dance music
Stripped down music, raw pwer, and simple ideas (melodies, chords, rhythms) characterize this music
Defiant and unpretentious, this short-lived British rock style was a forerunner to British Punk
A conscious returen to the energy and simplicity of earlier rock and roll, and a repudiation of progressive rock (too pompous) and heavy metal (too bloated)
A greater focus on the Do-It-Yourself (DIY) attitude with the infusion of political and cultural themes. Secondary only to the birth od rock and th British Invasion in importance
More ambitious, serious and interested in creating challenging music that stretched the innovations of Punk both in terms of music and lyrics
New wave artists were more pop oriented than the groups of the first wave of Punk Rock and thus able to reach a wider audience through less abrasive sounds and more catchy musical hooks
Combining the grooves of R&B and soul and the driving beats of dance music. Michael Jackson ran off a string of hits during the 1980's which earned him the title "King of Pop"
While not as headline grabbing as the Punk Revolution, Power Pop has a long histroy. Like Punk, Power Punk also made a coscious attempt to emulate earlier rock and roll (particularly the Beatles).
Hardcore and Thrash
While not popular with mainstream audiencies the sonic innovation of hardcore were significant. While playing harder and louder were hallmarks of the style. It was also known for its rather melodic, almost pop melodies.
A new generation of folk-based guitar bands whose main influence was the sound of the Byrds and Big Star. Chiming guitars and luscious harmonies were common. These bands were the leading edge of the underground rock movement of the 80's
The province of small clubs, independent labels and college radio, these bands helped pave the way for the mainstreaming of alternative music in the 1990's
More popular than American Alternative partly due to the dance rhythms and textures that are part of its style and fabric.
The most popular and influential new music since the Punk movement. While some artists simpley rapped over simple bass and drum tracks "scratched" by a DJ, Public Enemy included samples reflecting elements of African-American music and history
Taking off from the advancements of the Post-Punk movement and adding the "big beats" of club music. New Orleans blazed a new style of dance music
Music that is developed via technological means (synthesizers, drum machine) and geared towards, but not exclusive to, club and dance venues
A fusion of hardcore punk and heavy metal via guitar distortion, fuzz and feedback all contributing to the "dirty" sound that characterized the music of these bands
An independent punk and feminist movement influence by a DIY attitude
Also called "dreampop" because of the lush sounds and dense textures, these bands typically de-emphasized flashy performing, typically standing still and staring down at the floor ( hence their name).
An english rock movement that tried to revive the pop melodicism of The Beatles with the glam rock of the 1970's
After the grunge movement lost a lot of its momentum and alternative music began to be commercialized, new independence rock acts tried to maintain complete control of their music
A combination of pop music and punk rock pushed to the mainstream after the decline of grunge. These bands emphasized anti-establishment themes and aggressive sonics.
The development of a sound that combined elements of rap music and hardcore punk
Garage Rock Revival
A new wave of back to basics rock with a new sound and a defiantly un-flashy approach to songwriting
Post Punk Revival
A similar retro trend that emphasized the darker elements of the Post-Punk movement
A continuing trend from the 1990's through the 2000's of updating the traditional R&B sound for a new generation.
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