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Social Work 305 Research
I have created flash cards for our social work 305 class 1st test
Terms in this set (49)
An approach to inquiry that attempts to safeguard against errors commonly made casual human inquiry.
A fundemental model or frame of reference that shape our observations and understandings.
A paradigm that emphazises the pursuit of objectivity in our quest to observe and understand reality.
A paradigm that emphazises multiple subjective realities and the impossibility of being completely objective.
An extreme form of social constructivism that rejects the notion of an objective social reality
evidence based practice
clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences
6 steps of evidence based practice
1. Formulate a question to answer practice needs.
2. Search for evidence
3. critically appraise the relevant studies you find.
4. Determine which evidence-based intervention is most appropriate for your particular client(s).
5. Apply the evidence-based Intervention.
6.Evaluation and Feedback.
Quantitative research methods
Research methods that typically seek to produce precise and generalizable findings.
Qualitative research methods
Research methods that are more flexible than quantitative methods, that allow research procedures to evolve as more observations are gathered, and that typically permit the use of subjectivity to generate deeper understandings of the meanings of human experience.
A research paradigm that focuses on gaining an empathic understanding of how people feel inside, seeking to interpret individual's everyday experiences, their deeper meanings and feelings, and the idiosyncratic reasons for their behaviors.
critical social science
A research paradigm distinguishedby its focus on oppression and its committment to using research procedures to empower oppressed groups.
A research paradigm, like the critical social science paradigm, distinguished by its commitment to using research procedures to address issues of concerns to women and to empower women.
A systematic set of interrelated statements intended to explain some aspect of social life or enrich our sense of how people conduct and find meaning in their daily life.
A research process based on inductive logic, in which the researcher begins with observations, seeks patterns in those observations, and generates tentative conclusions from those patterns.
A research process based on deductive logic, in which the researcher begins with a theory, then derives hypotheses, and ultimately collects observations to test the hypotheses.
Studies that conduct observations at different points in time.
descriptive research studies
Descriptive research studies answer the, who what, where, when and how questions.
Can reveal that two variables are somehow associated.
Cannot provide evidence that one variable caused another.
Preliminary research conducted to increase understanding of a concept, to clairfy the exact nature of the problem or to identify important variables to be studied
Explanatory studies attempt to explain cause-and-effect relationships and to provide information on why certain events do or do not occur.
studies used to to estimate the effects of specific social problems or policys
a study in which people of different ages are compared with one another
specific, testable predictions derived from a theory
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
Drawing a broad conclusion from too little information.
choosing to look only at things that are in line with our preferences or beliefs
the premature jumping to conclusions or arguing on the basis of invalid assumptions
An observation based on faulty perceptions of empirical reality.
a person's commitment to an issue and is related to a person's self-concept and self-esteem
7 phases of the research process
1. problem formulation.
2. designing the study.
3. data collection.
4. data processing.
5. data analysis.
6. interpreting the the findings.
7. writing the research report.
the outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable
the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied
A factor that affects the relationship between the independent and dependent variables
A factor that is positioned between the independent and dependent variable, but does not interact with or effect the relationship between them
A relationship in which the dependent variable increases as the independent variable increases (or decreases as the independent variable decreases)-that is, both variables move in the same direction.
A relationship between two variables that move in opposite directions that is, as one increases, the other decreases.
A relationship in which the nature of the relationship changes at certain levels of the variables.
an ethical principle requiring that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate
in research, an effect by which participants are misinformed or misled about the study's methods and purposes
injury to a person or the person's property that gives rise to a basis for a legal action against the person who caused the damage
the act of holding information in confidence, not to be released to unauthorized individuals
Participants are not placed under any pressure or coercion to participate in the investigation
A way to operationally define variables according to what people say about their own thoughts, views, or behaviors.
scales that have been formulated to measure certain constructs build the indicators of the construct into the scale.
a method of research in which subjects are observed as they go about their activities
A source of data for a study, in which the information of concern already has been gathered by others. For example, an evaluation of a statewide dropout prevention program may use available school records on dropout rates.
nominal level of measurement
characterized by data that consist of names, labels, or categories only. The data cannot be arranged in an ordering scheme (such as low to high)
ordinal levels of measurement
increasing information about direction and magnitude of difference between people who obtain different scores on the variable --> construct of interest
the difference between two numbers on the scale
The quantitative relation between two amounts showing the number of times one value contains or is contained within the other.
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