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Unit 1.2 Study Guide- Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1896
Terms in this set (21)
Conscription Act (1862)
confederate government act which drafted all white male citizens between 18 and 35 for 3 years, draft could be avoided with a fine of $300
northern strategy to win war... planned on 'squeezing' the south... naval blockade and split South along Mississippi
name for Union paper money. Value would fluctuate depending on status of the war
President of the Confederate States of America
A general for northern command of the Army of the Potomac in 1861... failed to move troops to Richmond; lost battle vs. General Lee near the Chesapeake Bay
Robert E. Lee
Commander of the Confederate Army
Battle of Antietam (1862)
Single bloodiest day of the American Civil War; Union victory that turned back a Confederate invasion of the North. Allowed Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
Great Britain: Main supply of cotton was from the South; South expected help from GB, but they remained neutral throughout the Civil War due to the fact Canada was in such close proximity to the Union.
France: France wanted both South's cotton and an empire in Mexico
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
declared all slaves in rebelling states to be free but did not affect slavery in border States. Encouraged thousands of Southern slaves to flee to Union lines.
Enrollment Act (1863)
a controversial act passed to provide new recruits to the Union Army. It was very controversial and required the enrollment of every male citizen and those immigrants who had filed for citizenship between 20-45.
New York City Draft Riots
Reaction to the Union military draft; anti-black Irish Americans burnt down buildings and killed blacks; feared for their jobs; opposition of draft by immigrants & laborers
Northern Democrats who favored peace with the South
Battle of Gettysburg (1863)
The bloodiest overall battle of the Civil War; the Southern defeat in this battle was the beginning of the end for the Confederacy.
Ulysses S. Grant
General of the Union Army
Battle of Vicksburg (1863)
Union gains control of Mississippi River and splits the confederacy in two
Sherman's March to the Sea (1864)
The Union army's devastating march through Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah, led by General William T. Sherman, intended to demoralize civilians and destroy the resources the Confederate army needed to fight
Morrill Tariff Act (1861)
raised tariff rates to increase revenue and protect American manufacturers; high protective tarrifs to project industrialists
Legal Tender Act (1862)
allowed the government to print greenbacks and inflate the pool of available currency without having to have the same amount of gold and silver. The greenback was popular among American farmers and debtors as it was cheaper to pay back loans with a cheaper currency.
Homestead Act (1862)
encouraged westward settlement by allowing heads of families to buy 160 acres of land for a small fee; settlers were required to develop and remain on the land for five years.
Pacific Railway Act (1862)
Authorized the building of a transcontinental railroad over a northern route in order to link the economies of California and the western territories to the Eastern states
National Banking Acts (1863 & 1864)
create a national banking system of banks across the country which distribute national bank notes
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