Unit 4 Imperialism and WWI
Terms in this set (49)
Non-involvement in world affairs
Building up the military, glorifying the military
Defense agreement among nations
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other weaker countries politically, socially, and economically.
A temporary government
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation
An agreement to stop fighting during WWI
Spheres of Influence
Areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty signed to end WW1, dealt harshly with the Germans, carved up new nations
Open Door Policy
American approach to China, favoring open trade relations between China and other nations
Allies of WWI
France, Great Britain, Russia (U.S. later)
Conflict betweena the imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria
Central Powers of WWI
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
MAIN causes of WWI
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba, prohibiting them from making treaties, and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand
assassinated by Serbian terrorists, immediate cause of WWI
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Sinking of the Lusitania
Cruise ship that was sunk by German submarines and helped bring the US closer to involvement in WWI
Foreign policy under President Taft favoring American investment in Latin America
1917 - Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
Foreign policy toward Latin America proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, & promote peace.
28th President of the United States; USA Leader during WWI
Russian Revolution of 1917
Czar forced to give up throne and assassinated; (U.S. finds it easier to join Allies WWI)
Negotiation between nations
A nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
Treaty of Kanagawa
Treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
No Man's Land
Territory between rival Trenches, very dangerous; Most of the fighting is done here
warfare using chemical agents to kill or injure or incapacitate the enemy; Poison Gases
Use of Metal Mobile Machines; Heavily Armored
Airplanes in WWI
used to spy on the enemy. resulted in more battles with the air force (dog fights)
Machine Guns (WWI)
Used in WWI as an offensive weapon, required a crew of 4 to 6 people to operate and would often overheat.
French wanted to ______________ Germans after WWI
Provision of Treaty of Versailles
Germany Take Blame of war
Provision of the Treaty of Versailles
Germany Pay War Debts to France/Allies
Provisions of the Treaty of Versailles
Germany Reduce Military
Who Lost WWI?
Armistice Day (End of World War I)
11am, November 11, 1918 (11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918)
US Enters World War I (Date)
April 6, 1917
What was a major cause of World War II?
Treaty of Versailles
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Spanish-American War (1898)
Conflict between the U.S. and Spain that began the rise of the U.S. as a world power. The U.S. gained possession of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines as a result.
(TR) , The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build. Columbians would not let Americans build the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred. The new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal.
The Great White Fleet (1907)
a group of US warships which took a world tour from 1907-1909 to show the world that the US was an emerging power
diplomacy in which the nations threaten to use force in order to obtain their objectives
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