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the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of an element; consists of three main types of subatomic particles: protons neutrons and electrons. the basic unit of chemical structure
formed by stripping an outer shell electron from one atom and transforming it to another
structual backbone of all organic molecules because it forms covalent bonds better than any other element
breaks large molecules into smaller using up water molecules. These are the reverse of condensation reactions
- Long chains of sugar units linked together to form starch or fiber
- cellulose, glycogen, chitin
rough endoplasmic reticulum
An endomembrane system covered with ribosomes where many proteins for transport are assembled.
large organelle which accumulates various useful chemical products of water as plant cells mature
extremely small and numerous structures which decode genetic info and then produce and modify proteins
long extentions of plasma membrane that are capable of whip-like movement and can provide cellular locomotion
temporary projections of cytoplasm that can be used in locomotion and engulfment of food
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