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62 terms

AP Human Geography 3

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migration
a permanent move to a new location
Emigration
migration from a location
Immigration
migration to a location
Net Migration
the difference between the number of immigrants & the number of emigrants
Mobility
ability to move from one are to another
Circulation
short term or cyclic movements that occur on a regular basis
Push Factor
encourages people to move out of their present location
Pull Factor
encourages people to move to a location
Refugees
people who have been forced to migrate from their homes & cannot return for fear of persecution
Floodplain
the area subject to flooding during a specific number of years
Intervening Obstacles
an environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration
International migration
the permanent movement from one country to another
Internal migration
permanent movement within the same country
Interregional Migration
movement from one region of a country to another
Intraregional migration
movement within one region
Voluntary Migration
migrant has chosen to move for economic improvement
Forced Migration
migrant has been compelled to move by cultural factors
Migration transition
changes in a society comparable to those in demographic transition
Wilbur Zelinsky's model of migration
the stage of demographic transition can predict migration
Stage 1 (Wilbur)
high daily or seasonal mobility in search of food rather then permanent migration
Stage 2 (wilbur)
international migration becomes especially important consequence of new technology
Stage 3 & Stage 4 (Wilbur)
in search of economic opportunities shift from urban to suburban
Why did several million Irish migrate in the 1840's?
disastrous economic conditions (potato famine)
The migration transition model predicts that international migration peaks at which stage of the demographic transition?
Stage 2
According to the US committee for refugees, the three largest groups of international refugees are who?
a. Palestinians
b. Iraqis
c. Afghanistan
What is the most important pull factor for migrants to North America today?
economic oportunities
Which factor most often causes voluntary migration?
Economic push & pull factors, cultural, environment
People are forced to migrate primarily because of which factor?
economic (food or jobs)
Why has Russia's program to attract migrants faced difficulty in recent years?
economic problems, fall of communism, they only want russians to enter
What are the three kinds of push factors?
Economic, Cultural, Environmental
What is the most common environmental threat?
lack of water or too much water
1840's and 1850's
from Ireland and Germany
-desperate economic push factors and germans in political unrest
1870's
from North Western Europe following a temporary decline during Civil War
1880's
Scandinavians, Swedish, Norwegians
-Industrial Revolution
1900-1914
South and Eastern Europe, Italy, Russia, Austria-Hungry
Undocumented immigrants
those who are entering without proper documents
Chain migration
the migration of people to a specific location because of relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
What country is the most popular destiantion for voluntary migrants from Great Britain?
United States
The greatest number of foreign born residents can be found in what country?
United States
Why did most Europeans choose to come to the United States?
economic opportunities
Why did migration to US decline sharply during 1920's?
Quota laws- majority from Europe (against Chinese and Asians)
Where are the most recent immigrants to the US located within the US?
Texas, California, DC, New York
What is the criticism of Mexico's immigration policy?
Double Standard- no one can enter but they can exit
Where does the largest number of legal immigrants to the US come from?
Mexico
Where does the largest group of illegal immigrants to the US come from?
Mexico
What is the destination for most undocumented immigrants entering Mexico?
the U.S. border
Describe the effects of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act?
Permitted illegals to become legal residents of the U.S.
In the United States, what is likely to cause all population growth in the next few decades?
Chain migration- relatives joining U.S. residents
Quotas
maximum limits on the number of people who could immigrate to the U.S. from each country
Guest Workers
citizens of poor countries who obtain jobs in Western Europe & Middle East, only supposed to stay a short time,not entitled to all benefits in the country they are living
What is brain drain?
large scale emigration by talented or smart people
ex: India
Most guest workers head for which part of Europe?
North & West Europe
What was the name commonly given to refugees from Vietnam?
boat people
Has the immigration quota been sufficient to accommodate all people who wish to migrate to the United States in recent years?
No,many more would like in but they can not accommodate everyone
Counterurbanization
net migration from urban to rural areas
What caused the largest level of interregional immigration in the US?
Settlement of Western Territories
The US center of population has steadily moved in which direction?
West
What is the current intraregional trend in the US?
west, rural
What is the most prominent type of intraregional migration in the world?
rural to urban areas (counterurbanization)
Why is suburbanization of more developed countries taking place?
because of technology, land & resources
Suburbanization
desire to change lifestyle, US mainly
Ellis Island
both New York and New Jersey wanted it, New Jersey got it through previous created boundaries