Purpose: taste, mastication and speech articulation.
The tongue is one of the most vascular muscles, Uvula at the back of the throat, Hard and soft palate roof of the mouth Structure,
The oral cavity is divided into the mouth and the vestibule (space between the buccal mucosa and the outer surface of the teeth and gums).
The mouth, housing the tongue, teeth, and gums, is the anterior opening of the oropharynx (and alimentary tract/GI).
The bony arch of the hard palate and the fibrous soft palate form the roof of the mouth.
Loose, mobile tissue covering the mandibular bone forms the floor of the mouth.
The tongue is anchored to the back of the oral cavity at its base and to the floor of the mouth by the frenulum.
The gingivae, fibrous tissue covered by mucous membrane, are attached directly to the teeth and the maxilla and mandible.
The roots of the teeth are anchored to the alveolar ridges of the maxilla and mandible.
Note color, moisture, lumps, ulcers, cracking,or scaliness
Note color, ulcers, and nodules
Gums and teeth
Note color, presence, and position of teeth
Roof of mouth
Tongue and floor of mouth
Note color and texture, ulcers, nodules
Pharynx: soft palate, anterior and posterior pillars, uvula, tonsils, and pharynx
---Note color, symmetry, presence of exudate, swelling, ulceration, or tonsillar enlargement
Inspection of mouth, lips, gums, teeth, mucosa
-Mucosa and palate pink
-Lips smooth without lesions
-Alignment of teeth and condition
-Hygiene, missing teeth
Also, during mouth PE, see if uvula is midline, any asymmetry, Any missing teeth or dentures, any lesions or exudate
A common finding, torus planus, located on upper hard palate may be observed in some individuals, usually of no significance,
Unless large and interfering with speech or swallowing.