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An individual permission assignment in an access control list, consisting of a security principal and the specific permissions assigned to that security principal.


An attribute of a Windows operating system element, such as a file, a printer, or a registry entry, which consists of a collection of individual permission assignments, in the form of access control entries (ACEs).

effective permissions

The combination of permissions affecting a security principal's access to a protected resource, whether derived from explicit permission assignments, permission inheritance, or group memberships.

NTFS permissions

A system by which administrators control access to the files and folders stored on disk volumes formatted with the NTFS file system. To access a file, whether on the local system or over a network, a user must have the appropriate NTFS permissions.

print device

A type of hardware device, connected to a computer or a network, which produces hard copy documents on paper or other print media.


The software interface through which a computer communicates with a print device.


A communications protocol that computers and print devices use to exchange information about print jobs and device status. Each printer is associated with a printer driver that takes the commands generated by an application and converts them into the printer's PCL.

printer driver

A device driver that converts the print jobs generated by applications into an appropriate string of commands for a specific print device. These are designed for specific print device and provide applications with access to all of the print device's features.

print server

A computer (or standalone device) that receives print jobs from clients and sends them to print devices that are either locally attached or connected to the network.

security principal

The name of the user, group, or computer being granted permissions.

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