River Valley Civilizations Benchmark Review
Terms in this set (50)
a scientist who learns about ancient people by studying the things they left behind
an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
An early ancestor of humans
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
(man of skill) first to make stone tools
movement of people from one place to another
A skilled craftsperson
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
The name of the first culture in the world to develop cities.
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
a person who moves from place to place
a group of related families
a scientific method used to determine the age of an artifact
the period of time before written records
ruled by a king or queen
A series of rulers from the same family
A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader.
belief in more than one god
Belief in one God
Egyptian writing system
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
the world's first system of writing
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
first written code/set of laws that all were expected to obey.
A legendary figure in Sumerian literature
Descendants of Abraham who left Mesopotamia and settled in Canaan
Founder of Judaism
a large-scale departure or flight
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
Land between two rivers
The river in which early kingdoms in Egypt were centered around.
immigrants who arrived at the Ganges river valley by the year 1000 BC
an area of rich farmland in Southwest Asia where the first civilizations began
First five books of the Hebrew Bible
The Goal of believers in the Buddhist religion
A religion based on the teachings of the Buddha.
ten laws and teachings said to have been given to Moses by God
Founder of Buddhism
A religion native to India, featuring belief in many gods and reincarnation
The rebirth of a soul in a new body
A complex, highly organized social order
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
A person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
Vedas and Upanishads
Sacred writings of Hinduism
Old Stone Age
New Stone Age
Supplying land with water through a network of canals
A pyramid shaped temple tower
Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during the Old Kingdom