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What resources did the breadbasket colonies have

Fertile Land, Large harbors near deep waterways, good climate

Main Crops were

Wheat, corn, rye

Who was the governor of new netherlands?

Peter Stuyvesant

What did governor Peter Stuyvesant do?

Epanded New Netherlands
Took over New Sweden

What year did the English take over?


Why did the English take over?

They wanted Settlements, Fur Trade, Natural resources.

What are the important facts about the English take over?

Took over without a shot, Took over New York and New Jersey.

What did the Duke of York do?

Split the Dutch colony into two parts and named them New York and New Jersey.

What did New Amsterdam become?

New York City

Where did the Quakers settle?

New Jersey

What is a refuge?

A safe place.

Who became the proprietor (owner) of Pennsylvania and Delaware?

William Penn

What three rights did William Penn's frame of government give the citizens of PA (Pennsylvania)

Freedom of speech
Freedom of Religion
The right to a fair trial by a jury

What is a trial by a jury?

an accused person has the right to be judged by their peers.

How did William Penn treat the indians?

with justice and fairness
he paid for their land and lived in peace with them

Who was the indian leader of the Lenni Lenape


What was the "frame" of government in Pennsylvania

All the people of PA would be treated equally under the law, pen believed this was the key to good government.

What is an immigrant

a person who comes into a country to make a new home there.

Why did people immigrate (4 reasons)

1 Religious freedom, 2 escape war, 3 Better economic opportunities, 4 buy and own land.

What was the religious movement that brought together people of different beliefs?

The "Great Awakening"

Who was the "great awakening" preacher who gave speeches about the direct relationship with God?

George Whitefield

What period was the "great awakening"?

1730's and 1740's

What is the term for acceptance of religious differences?

religious toleration

What is an example of religious toleration

Slaves and free blacks participated in religious gatherings.

What was a consequence of the Great Awakening?

the number of church members grew in the colonies as did the free exercise of religion.

How were the Middle Colonies different from the New England colonies?

There was a mixture of Religion and Social Life there were many different religious groups.

How did the mixture of Religion into social life change peoples views?

They began thinking enslaving Africans was wrong.

What is the name for a volunteer civilian army


What did every market town have that ground the farmers grain?


What job did most people have that lived in the country

They were farmers.

What is the term for economic success?


What helped in the prosperity of the colonies?

Having ports

What was one of the most important port cities in the Middle Colonies?

New York City

How did the Hudson River help?

It made trade easier.

What is the name for a craftworkers that came as indentured servants?


Name some of the Artisan trades:

Blacksmith, Whitesmith (silver makers), Coopers, Carpenters, Shipbuilders, Masons (brick layers), Bakers, Butchers, Dressmakers, Tailors, Cobblers

What was the name of someone who learned to do a skill from an artisan?

An Apprentice how spent 7 years living with the Artisan to learn their skill to make a living.

What are some professional trades?

Banker, Lawyer

There were costs and benefits to making an Economic Choice, Name the Costs

Away from families and friends, new language, new laws, new customs.

Name the benefits to making an economic choice

Freedom of Religion, Own Land, Start new business, a new start.

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