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Justice and Society Exam 3 Kelly Auburn
Terms in this set (84)
Prohibition of alcohol
Reversed prohibition, left it up to states to decide if they wanted to keep Prohibition
Illegal behaviors as a result of Prohibition
Speak easy's, producing moonshine, going across border to Canada, imports (Fl), Brought about increased organized crime
Bureau of Investigation, forerunner of the FBI; did not start out effective.
Who established the BOI?
President T. Roosevelt
Purpose of the BOI
To investigate crimes against the federal government
Begins police in Berkely, CA; becomes one of the early great police administrators
What did August Vollmer encourage?
higher education for police departments
What was August Vollmer a model for?
He was a model for other police chiefs in this country
Written by August Vollmer
The Police in Modern Society
Written by Raymond Fosdick
European Police Systems
1917, first Red Scare comes about in this country
What does the book European Police Systems compare?
compares European police with the American police
What did Raymond Fosdick say about European police compared to American police?
Said European police were more efficient and effective than American police and they had better training than Americans
Why did Raymond Fosdick believed the European police were better than American police?
They were better educated, they had a national police force whereas ours is more local
Why is California in the forefront as far as professionalism of their police?
More education, they're required more hours of police training, they make more money
(1919) police lost the strike, Gov. calls in military
Boston Police Strike
Governor's Coolidge's philosophy
There's no right to strike by the public safety (servants) by anyone at any time
Importance of the first amendment to Police
Allows for police pressure groups
Effect of Boston Police Strike
Many states like Alabama made it illegal to strike but 1st amendment gives the police the right to express their views
Largest police pressure group
Fraternal Order of Police
Another police pressure group
The Police Benevolent Association
Purpose of police pressure groups
Lobby for improvements for police officers, testified in legislative hearings, representatives appeared on tv
Example of influence of police pressure groups
Birmingham, page criticizing chief of police, he later resigned; Lee county, many part of Fraternal Order of Police, supported the opposing person
police not showing up to work but not exactly calling it a strike
Example of Blue Flu
Auburn police homecoming day, police chief resigned after it
An organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption; lobbied against the allowance of booze and was for prohibition; brought about the Volstead Act and 18th Amendment
Negative effects of the Temperance Movement
Helped organized crime start and grow in this country
gave a lot of innocent people criminal records; took a lot of jobs away (breweries);
took people's social outlet away
(1919) A federal act enforcing the Eighteenth Amendment, which prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.
What act did President Wilson veto? (overriden by Congress)
Volstead Act; 18th Amendment
another name for Prohibition
the noble experiment
why was the 1920's sometimes called the Roaring Twenties?
when prohibition went into effect; because of a liberal view toward life.
How did John Kennedy's father make his money?
Last state to keep prohibition
Example of Prohibition today
Alabama today has dry counties
What did Prohibition do to the police?
Set police professionalism back decades and corrupted the police (police corruption)
One textbook noted it was "rotten to the core"
Chicago police department
Similarity between Prohibition and the drug war today
cost the government a lot of money, gave citizens a criminal record, gang wars
Takes place in Chicago, killers dressed as cops shoot 7 hoodlums (Al Capone responsible)
St. Valentines Day Massacre
What does Al Capone get convicted of?
Effect of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre
Causes the public to demand that action be taken up against the killers and the federal government decides to step up
one of the signers of the constitution; smuggler of booze
another signer of the constitution wanted to tax booze to help pay for the American revolution
How did people get booze?
Made it themselves
illegal alcohol made at home
Hooch, white lightning, moonshine
like a present day bar; hidden from public view; where liquor was sold illegally
type of speakeasy where illegal booze consumed
called out the militia to halt the Whiskey Rebellion; which came about as a result of tax on booze.
Why was Washington's action important?
because if the rebellion had been successful, it would have made the new government look ineffective.
Why did the movement to outlaw booze come about shortly after our government was formed?
early Americans drank a lot and many thought that liquor brought about many social ills
Smugglers of illegal alcohol, went across the border to Canada and brought it back
people or boats that illegally transport liquor from Cuba/Nassau and brought it back to Florida
first state to prohibit liquor?
charismatic mayor in maine; sometimes referred to as the Napoleon of Prohibition
tried to ban booze from Georgia; only lasted for 9 years; after that it was legal until fed gov outlawed it in 1920
Governor George Ogletree
When did prohibition end?
1933, when Franklin Roosevelt took office
the attorney general who conducted a series of raids hoping to rid the country of the communist element (Result of the Red Scare)
A. Mitchel Palmer
advantages of eliminated prohibition
prevents criminal records
lessens work load for criminal justice system; allows police to concentrate on other matters
Who helps Palmer with the raids and get recognition for it? later takes over the BOI
Who takes down Al Capone?
treasury department; Agent Elliot Ness
Negative effects of prohibition
law was not enforceable
hindered police professionalism
corrupted the police
cost too much to enforce
gave honest citizens criminal record
made people feel sad and unsafe bc gang wars
gov. lost revenue from taxes
increased work load for courts and took time away from more serious cases--court dockets increased
lead scholar of policing; author of textbook
founder of modern policing; suggested use of minimum force
Sir Robert Peel
What was Ben Franklin's view of the police?
negative; cops were buffoons
first unified police force
New York City
negative characteristics of American policing in the 1800s
got jobs by knowing people
paid to move up
What image did the Keystone Cops portray of American police?
incompetent and inefficient
from what did Southern Policing emerge?
rural southern police force responsible for apprehending run away slaves; negatively viewed
how did Morris Greenberg affect the Charleston police force?
1. gained control over police force
2. no profanity
3. BOLO board
4. against parole
5. doesn't believe in rehabilitation
Young women of the 1920s that would visit speak easys; symbols of youth revolution in America
What did the repeal of Prohibition do for the states?
Increased the revenues of the state governments
3rd in cost of booze
Fear of communist influencers from immigrants and that this country would have a revolution similar to Russia
Director of the BOI, changed its name to the FBI and makes a lot of changes in the 1930s
J. Edgar Hoover
After WWII, mostly due to Senator McCarthy, implied that many innocent people were communist sympathizers
2nd Red Scare
only state that does not have a state police force
1st early state police force
Texas rangers, had a narrow sense of responsibility as cattle rustlers
1st general type of police force
Massachusetts 1865, had broader responsibilities
1905, served as a model for other states; patrolled the entire state and used sub-stations
Pensylvania police force
1935, the governor who was responsible for bringing this about was Bibb Graves and he wanted to protect dirt roads
Alabama police force
Where is Dr. Kelly from?
1948, one of the last ones
Vermont police force
Why did it take Vermont so long to create a state police force?
small population and the country sheriffs felt like they didn't need a state police force
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