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According to the text, what was the watershed event that began to make Europeans feel more secure?

The fall of the Berlin Wall

Agriculturally, Europe is not self-sufficient


After WWII, Russia and many Eastern European countries entered into a treaty known as:


The desire of Europeans for their continent to be "war proof" was the main reason behind the creation of the:

European Union

Which nation is not a NATO member?
Norway, Iceland, Romania, Ireland, Germany


Europe's near-monopoy of the export of manufactures was eroded because of:

Foreign competition

European nations lost most of their colonies after:


Which of the European nations has the largest estimated percentage of Muslims?


The global balance of power shifted towards Europe during the:

Age of Discovery

What european nations were major players in the initial exploration & colonization of the world?


Modern-day romance languages evolved from:


The original forest covering many mediterranean lands has largely been replaced with


The ___ is Europe's most important inland waterway

Rhine River

The process of offloading rock and soil by glaciers is known as

Glacial deposition

Most European precipitation arises from


Coniferous forests cover much of the land area of which area?


Fertile, windblown soil associated with glaciated areas in Europe is called


The Mediterranean climate arises mainly from:

Seasonal shifts in atmospheric belts

Much of europe can be described climatically as:

Mild winters, cool summer, ample rainfall, and many drizzly, cloudy, foggy days

What is the single largest physical feature across Europe?

North European Plain

Europe has a largely temperate climate because of:

Gulf Stream/North Atlantic Drift

The population replacement level is

The number of births needed to keep the population steady

Which country is the largest destination for migrants in Europe


Europe is fringed by numerous ___

Peninsulas and islands

Physically, Europe is best characterized as being a large

Peninsula of peninsulas

The traditional physical dividing line between Europe and Asia

Ural Mts. down to the Caucasus

The country with the highest GDP-PPP in the world


An estuary is

Deepened river mouth into which the sea has flooded

Ireland's potato famine occurred approximately in:


Which country was initially a loose alliance of small states known as cantons?


Switzerland's largest city is:


The headquarters of the European Union:

Brussels, Belgium

What country has an extensive patchwork of polder lands and canals?


The largest influx of immigrants to Germany has come from


Europe's largest coal field was developed along which river?

Ruhr Valley

The head of navigation

The farthest inland a ship can go on a river

Primate city

City larger than the 2nd/3rd largest cities combined

France's chief breadbasket is located in


France was the world's largest exporter of ___ in 2003


Why has there been continual violence over Northern Ireland since the 1960s?

The marginalized Catholic minority rebelled and fought against direct control

Which nation's economy doubled in the 1990s?


The leading financial center in Europe is

London Town

The use of production of coal in england is now mainly used to generate

Domestic electricity

The industrial revolution was based initially on water power, then expanded with power supplied by

Coal-fired steam engines

At its maximum extent, the British empire covered __percent of the Earth's land surface


The commonwealth of nations is a supranational organization of the UK with many of its

Former colonies

The two cornerstones of EU are


Lowland Britain lies mainly in


Which two nations voted against joining EU?

Noreway, Iceland

A large, strategically located region caught between conflicting interests of great powers is the definition of a

Shatter belt

As many as ___ Jews were killed in the Holocaust

6 million

How did several Eastern European nations pay for new industrial plants and equipment in the 1980s?

By borrowing heavily from western banks and governments

The most economically prosperous eastern european country is


Which country has enjoyed economic success through tariff-free trade with Nordic countries?


The "Velvet Revolution" was

Bloodless overthrow of the communist government in 1989

Which eastern European country has attracted more western and Asian foreign investments than any other?


Which region was a former Yugoslav autonomous province?



High interior plateau in Spain

Which crops are part of the Mediterranean diet?

Grape, citrus, wine, olive oil, peas, beans, tomatoes, wheat

Vasco de Gama and Henry the Navigator explored the coasts of Asia and Africa under the flag of ___


The economic heart of modern Italy is

Po Valley

The portion of greece south of the Gulf of Corinth is known as


The mainstay of Greek economy


The dominant Italian city for fashion, finance, industry, and railway transportation is:


What is the status of Cyprus with regards to the EU?

Only Greek south is member of EU

Which area in southern Europe is heavily irrigated?

Po Valley

The term "Scandinavia" can refer to the countries

Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland

Which language is most similar to old Norse?


Which two countries elected a joint parliament in 2000?

Russia, Belarus

Which nation embraces Russia as an ally against the Turks?


According to some forecasts, which nation might be the world's largest producer of oil in 2015?


In terms of the world's estimated oil reserves, the Caspian Sea region ranks ___


Which country is least likely to pursue a closer political, military, and economic integration with Russia?


The Russian autonomous republic of Sakha produces about one quarter of the world's ___


What was the result of Yeltsin's "economic shock therapy"?

The new consumer-oriented society formed along class lines and created an enormous gap between the rich and poor

The Second Russian Revolution was

The collapse and dissolution of USSR

The policy of glasnost meant:


Soviet and Allied forces began to reverse Nazi advances in 1943 after ___

The Battle of Stalingrad

The Russian Revolution and Bolshevik Revolution both took place in the year


The Cossacks were

Peasant farmers

The ___ is a vast, waterlogged area underlain by permafrost and subject to tremendous flooding in the spring

West Siberian Plain

The great Volga Scheme created

Vast reservoirs created behind numerous dams for easier navigation

Which river empties into the Caspian Sea?

Volga River

Most of European Russia lies in which physical feature?

Russian Plain

Which sea lies between
Sakhalin and Kamchatka?

Sea of Okhotst

In 2007, there were approximately 10 births per 1,000 people and approximately 15 deaths per 1,000 people in Russia


Mollisols found in the belt from Ukraine to Kazakhstan are among the best soils anywhere


Why do buildings have to be erected on pilings in the high Arctic?

Permafrost below the buildings will not melt and cause tilt

The most populated nation in Central Asia is:


The earliest form of large-scale manufacturing in the Moscow area consisted of

Textile milling

The survival of the soviet Union, from the geographer's perspective, always depended on the ability of Russia to control _______ in and outside the borders of Russia properly

non-Russian resources

The "Fertile Triangle" contains about ___ of the region's people


Which country's agricultural and industrial assets were indispensable to the Soviet Union?


Chernobyl lies ___ of Kiev


Russia continues to be a net importer of ___

Meat and dairy products

Which city is known as the "Port of Five Seas"?


What route between Murmansk and the Far East does Russia hope to develop to promote its exports in Europe?

North Sea Route

The Kuznetsk industrial region developed because of the enormous amount of ___


In the northern lands, some of the largest ___ stations in the world are located in the Yenisey River


The Trans-Siberian Railway begins in ___ and runs ___ of the BAM

Moscow; south

What has been described as the "Pearl of Siberia"?

Lake Baikal

Most Georgians belong to which religion?

Eastern Orthodox

The Armenian Genocide was a holocaust committed by ___ & ___ against Armenians

Turks & Azeris

The nation with the highest number of internally displaced migrants in the region is


Samarkand and Bukhara are ancient trading cities located in modern-day __


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