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105 terms

Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
According to the text, what was the watershed event that began to make Europeans feel more secure?
The fall of the Berlin Wall
Agriculturally, Europe is not self-sufficient
...
After WWII, Russia and many Eastern European countries entered into a treaty known as:
NATO
The desire of Europeans for their continent to be "war proof" was the main reason behind the creation of the:
European Union
Which nation is not a NATO member?
Norway, Iceland, Romania, Ireland, Germany
Ireland
Europe's near-monopoy of the export of manufactures was eroded because of:
Foreign competition
European nations lost most of their colonies after:
WWII
Which of the European nations has the largest estimated percentage of Muslims?
France
The global balance of power shifted towards Europe during the:
Age of Discovery
What european nations were major players in the initial exploration & colonization of the world?
Spain/Portugal/UK/Netherlands/France
Modern-day romance languages evolved from:
Latin
The original forest covering many mediterranean lands has largely been replaced with
Chapparral
The ___ is Europe's most important inland waterway
Rhine River
The process of offloading rock and soil by glaciers is known as
Glacial deposition
Most European precipitation arises from
Fronts/orographics
Coniferous forests cover much of the land area of which area?
Scandinavia
Fertile, windblown soil associated with glaciated areas in Europe is called
Loess
The Mediterranean climate arises mainly from:
Seasonal shifts in atmospheric belts
Much of europe can be described climatically as:
Mild winters, cool summer, ample rainfall, and many drizzly, cloudy, foggy days
What is the single largest physical feature across Europe?
North European Plain
Europe has a largely temperate climate because of:
Gulf Stream/North Atlantic Drift
The population replacement level is
The number of births needed to keep the population steady
Which country is the largest destination for migrants in Europe
Germany
Europe is fringed by numerous ___
Peninsulas and islands
Physically, Europe is best characterized as being a large
Peninsula of peninsulas
The traditional physical dividing line between Europe and Asia
Ural Mts. down to the Caucasus
The country with the highest GDP-PPP in the world
Luxembourg
An estuary is
Deepened river mouth into which the sea has flooded
Ireland's potato famine occurred approximately in:
1840s
Which country was initially a loose alliance of small states known as cantons?
Switzerland
Switzerland's largest city is:
Zurich
The headquarters of the European Union:
Brussels, Belgium
What country has an extensive patchwork of polder lands and canals?
Netherlands
The largest influx of immigrants to Germany has come from
Turkey
Europe's largest coal field was developed along which river?
Ruhr Valley
The head of navigation
The farthest inland a ship can go on a river
Primate city
City larger than the 2nd/3rd largest cities combined
France's chief breadbasket is located in
Northeast
France was the world's largest exporter of ___ in 2003
Wine/barley
Why has there been continual violence over Northern Ireland since the 1960s?
The marginalized Catholic minority rebelled and fought against direct control
Which nation's economy doubled in the 1990s?
Ireland
The leading financial center in Europe is
London Town
The use of production of coal in england is now mainly used to generate
Domestic electricity
The industrial revolution was based initially on water power, then expanded with power supplied by
Coal-fired steam engines
At its maximum extent, the British empire covered __percent of the Earth's land surface
25%
The commonwealth of nations is a supranational organization of the UK with many of its
Former colonies
The two cornerstones of EU are
Germany/France
Lowland Britain lies mainly in
England
Which two nations voted against joining EU?
Noreway, Iceland
A large, strategically located region caught between conflicting interests of great powers is the definition of a
Shatter belt
As many as ___ Jews were killed in the Holocaust
6 million
How did several Eastern European nations pay for new industrial plants and equipment in the 1980s?
By borrowing heavily from western banks and governments
The most economically prosperous eastern european country is
Slovenia
Which country has enjoyed economic success through tariff-free trade with Nordic countries?
Estonia
The "Velvet Revolution" was
Bloodless overthrow of the communist government in 1989
Which eastern European country has attracted more western and Asian foreign investments than any other?
Hungary
Which region was a former Yugoslav autonomous province?
Kosovo
Meseta
High interior plateau in Spain
Which crops are part of the Mediterranean diet?
Grape, citrus, wine, olive oil, peas, beans, tomatoes, wheat
Vasco de Gama and Henry the Navigator explored the coasts of Asia and Africa under the flag of ___
Portugal
The economic heart of modern Italy is
Po Valley
The portion of greece south of the Gulf of Corinth is known as
Peloponnesus
The mainstay of Greek economy
Tourism
The dominant Italian city for fashion, finance, industry, and railway transportation is:
Milan
What is the status of Cyprus with regards to the EU?
Only Greek south is member of EU
Which area in southern Europe is heavily irrigated?
Po Valley
The term "Scandinavia" can refer to the countries
Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland
Which language is most similar to old Norse?
Icelandic
Which two countries elected a joint parliament in 2000?
Russia, Belarus
Which nation embraces Russia as an ally against the Turks?
Armenia
According to some forecasts, which nation might be the world's largest producer of oil in 2015?
Kazakhstan
In terms of the world's estimated oil reserves, the Caspian Sea region ranks ___
3rd
Which country is least likely to pursue a closer political, military, and economic integration with Russia?
Ukraine
The Russian autonomous republic of Sakha produces about one quarter of the world's ___
Diamonds
What was the result of Yeltsin's "economic shock therapy"?
The new consumer-oriented society formed along class lines and created an enormous gap between the rich and poor
The Second Russian Revolution was
The collapse and dissolution of USSR
The policy of glasnost meant:
Openness
Soviet and Allied forces began to reverse Nazi advances in 1943 after ___
The Battle of Stalingrad
The Russian Revolution and Bolshevik Revolution both took place in the year
1917
The Cossacks were
Peasant farmers
The ___ is a vast, waterlogged area underlain by permafrost and subject to tremendous flooding in the spring
West Siberian Plain
The great Volga Scheme created
Vast reservoirs created behind numerous dams for easier navigation
Which river empties into the Caspian Sea?
Volga River
Most of European Russia lies in which physical feature?
Russian Plain
Which sea lies between
Sakhalin and Kamchatka?
Sea of Okhotst
In 2007, there were approximately 10 births per 1,000 people and approximately 15 deaths per 1,000 people in Russia
...
Mollisols found in the belt from Ukraine to Kazakhstan are among the best soils anywhere
...
Why do buildings have to be erected on pilings in the high Arctic?
Permafrost below the buildings will not melt and cause tilt
The most populated nation in Central Asia is:
Uzbekistan
The earliest form of large-scale manufacturing in the Moscow area consisted of
Textile milling
The survival of the soviet Union, from the geographer's perspective, always depended on the ability of Russia to control _______ in and outside the borders of Russia properly
non-Russian resources
The "Fertile Triangle" contains about ___ of the region's people
3/4
Which country's agricultural and industrial assets were indispensable to the Soviet Union?
Ukraine
Chernobyl lies ___ of Kiev
North
Russia continues to be a net importer of ___
Meat and dairy products
Which city is known as the "Port of Five Seas"?
Moscow
What route between Murmansk and the Far East does Russia hope to develop to promote its exports in Europe?
North Sea Route
The Kuznetsk industrial region developed because of the enormous amount of ___
Coal
In the northern lands, some of the largest ___ stations in the world are located in the Yenisey River
Hydroelectric
The Trans-Siberian Railway begins in ___ and runs ___ of the BAM
Moscow; south
What has been described as the "Pearl of Siberia"?
Lake Baikal
Most Georgians belong to which religion?
Eastern Orthodox
The Armenian Genocide was a holocaust committed by ___ & ___ against Armenians
Turks & Azeris
The nation with the highest number of internally displaced migrants in the region is
Azerbaijan
Samarkand and Bukhara are ancient trading cities located in modern-day __
Uzbekistan