Poetry terms

POETRY TERMS For this unit we will be analyzing poetry with respect to both themes and means (how authors use the various elements of poetry). You will need to understand the following terms in order to analyze the poems. Figurative language Simile Metaphor Extended metaphor Personification Hyperbole Imagery Sound devices Rhyme End rhyme Rhyme scheme Assonance Consonance Alliteration Onomatopoeia Slant rhyme Rhythm Meter Iambic pentameter Foot Line Stanza Couplet Quatrain Octave Sestet Ter…
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Alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words.
Simile
A comparison using "like" or "as"
Metaphor
A comparison that does not use "like" or "as"
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses and creates an image in the reader's mind
Sound devices
elements such as rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, and onomatopoeia - gives poetry a musical quality
Rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the end of words.
End rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents
Approximate or Slant rhyme
A rhyming sound that is not exact.
Rhythm
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
Line
A group of words together on one line of the poem.
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem.
Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
Quatrain
4 line stanza
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Lyric poetry
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
Tone
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Mood
How the reader feels about the text while reading.
Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Repetition
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
Persona
The speaker in a work of literature created by the author, but not necessarily the narrator.
Auditor
The intended audience for a work of literature.
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