For this unit we will be analyzing poetry with respect to both themes and means (how authors use the various elements of poetry). You will need to understand the following terms in order to analyze the poems.
Figurative language Simile Metaphor
Extended metaphor Personification Hyperbole
Sound devices Rhyme End rhyme
Rhyme scheme Assonance Consonance
Alliteration Onomatopoeia Slant rhyme
Rhythm Meter Iambic pentameter
Line Stanza Couplet
Quatrain Octave Sestet
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words.
A comparison using "like" or "as"
A comparison that does not use "like" or "as"
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Language that appeals to the senses and creates an image in the reader's mind
elements such as rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, and onomatopoeia - gives poetry a musical quality
Repetition of sounds at the end of words.
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
A word that imitates the sound it represents
Approximate or Slant rhyme
A rhyming sound that is not exact.
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
A group of words together on one line of the poem.
A group of lines in a poem.
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
4 line stanza
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
How the reader feels about the text while reading.
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
The speaker in a work of literature created by the author, but not necessarily the narrator.
The intended audience for a work of literature.
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