Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, March 6 from 3–4 PM PST
Upgrade to remove ads
American History Chapter 9 Guided Readings
Terms in this set (34)
Social welfare reform movement
People/Groups involved: YMCA, Salvation Army, and Florence Kelley
Successes: Built libraries, sponsored classes, built swimming pools and hand ball courts. Fed poor people in soup kitchens. Illinois Factory Act in 1893.
Moral reform movement
People/Groups involved: Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), Carry Nation, Frances Willard, and Anti-Saloon League.
Successes: Sought to close saloons to cure society's problems.
Economic reform movement
People/Groups involved: American Socialist Party, Ida M. Tarbell, Eugene V. Debs.
Successes: Exposed corruption in industry.
Movement for industrial efficiency
People/Groups involved: Louis D. Brandeis, Frederick Winslow Taylor, and Henry Ford.
Successes: Assembly line, better wages.
Movement to protect workers
People/Groups involved: National Child Labor Committee, Muller v. Oregon, and Bunting v. Oregon.
Successes: Laws about who could work and workman's comp.
Movement to reform local government
People/Groups involved: Tom Johnson and Hazen Pingree
Successes: property tax, lower fares for public transportation, public utility.
State reform of big business
People/Groups involved: Robert M. La Follette, Charles B. Aycock, James S. Hogg.
Successes: Laws relating to the railroads.
Movement for election reform
People/Groups involved: William S. U'ren
Successes: Initiative--> referendum--> recall; 17th amendment; secret ballot
Job types for lower class women
domestic, farm, factory
Job types for middle and upper class women
white collar jobs, office, schools
Job types for African American women
factor and farm
Job types for immigrants
domestic, labor, factory, take in borders, farm, piece work
How did educational opportunities for middle- and upper-class women change?
They had a higher chance of getting into colleges. Also, the only alternative for women was no longer marriage, the majority sought higher education. Many women went to school and applied their skills to social reforms.
How did these new opportunities affect the lives of middle- and upper-class women.
Women applied their skills to social reforms. Also, some women who were college educated never married and kept their independence.
What 3 strategies were adopted by the suffragists to win the vote?
1.) Try to convince state legislatures to grant women the right to vote.
2.) Women pursued court cases to test the 14 amendment.
3.) Women pushed for a national constitutional amendment to grant women the right to vote.
What did each strategy produce?
1.) Women were granted voting rights.
2.) Congress ruled that women were citizens but denied that being a citizen automatically gave you the right to vote.
3.) Elizabeth Cady Stanton managed to have the amendment introduced in CA, but it was later killed.
1902 coal strike
Steps Roosevelt took: threatened to take over mines and negotiate arbitration committee.
Legislation: Arbitration Committee
Steps Roosevelt took: filed 44 suits under the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Legislation: Sherman Antitrust Act
Unregulated big business
Steps Roosevelt took: forced the great railroad combination in the NW to break apart and focused on bringing big business under stronger regulation.
Legislation: Elkin's Act; Interstate Commerce Act; Hepburn Act
Dangerous foods and medicines
Steps Roosevelt took: appointed a commission of experts to investigate the meatpacking industry.
Legislation: Meat Inspection Act; Pure Food and Drug Act
Shrinking wilderness and natural resources
Steps Roosevelt took: created the Forest Service, promoted conservation.
Legislature: National Reclamation Act; Newlands Act
Steps Roosevelt took: Allowed black units to be formed during the war.
Why did they support or oppose Taft?
Progressives: The Payne-Aldrich Tariff opposed conservation, supported J. Cannon.
Conservatives: Supported Taft, opposed progression, higher tariff.
What party did they form or stay with?
Progressives: Bull Moose Party and Progressives
Who did they run for President?
Progressives: Theodore Roosevelt
Republicans: William Howard Taft
Democrats: Woodrow Wilson
Socialist: Eugene V. Debs
What was their candidate's position on big business?
Progressive: supported government action to supervise big business, but didn't oppose all big business monopolies.
Republicans: favored business but worked to break up trusts.
Democrats: supported small business & free market competition; thought that all big business monopolies were evil.
Socialist: felt big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealth more equally among the people.
Federal Trade Act
to prohibit unfair methods, acts, and practices
Clayton Antitrust Act
establish regulations about what business could and could not do and to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act
reduced levies on manufactured goods and to eliminate duties on most raw materials
let Congress put a tax on the money people made
Federal Reserve Act
to prevent another run on the banks by allowing the Fed. to print money out of nothing and to give the bankers political power internationally.
Which 3 new developments finally brought the success of the woman suffrage movement within reach?
The National Women's Trade Union League is established; Alice Paul and Lucy Burns form the Congressional Union; and the federal woman suffrage amendment was passed.
Which constitutional amendment recognized women's right to vote?
How did Wilson retreat on civil rights?
During his campaign he won the support of the white liberals and black intellectuals of the NAACP by promising to treat blacks equally and address lynching. Once he was in office he opposed a federal anti-lynching legislation, and some places went back to being segregated.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
American History Chapter 10 Guided Readings
American History Chapter 8 Guided Readings
American History Chapter 11 Guided Readings
American History Chapter 12 Guided Readings
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
US History Unit 2 (Study Guides)
History chpt 17
Chapter 9: The Progressive Era
US history Ch 9 Progressive and suffrage movements
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Topic 15: Mycobacteria
Topic 14: Chlamydias, Mycoplasmas, and Rickettsia
Topic 13: Spirochetes
Topic 6: Lymphoid & Plasma Cell Neoplasms
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Personal finance careers test
MAR EXAM 3 (ch 4, 9 & 15)