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The Beginnings of the 13 Colonies
Terms in this set (28)
Why were most of the New England colonies founded?
What was the geography like of the New England colonies?
hills and low mountains, thin rocky solid, and short growing season
What did most people do for a living in New England?
fishing, ship building, trade, whale hunting
Where are the New England colonies located?
northeast coast of North America
Why did the settlers of Plymouth end up in Massachusetts, when they were headed for Virginia?
They were blown off coarse by a storm.
What was John Smith's motto or rule for Jamestown? What does it mean?
"those that work not, eat not" if people weren't willing to work, they would not be able to eat
What type of government was the House of Burgesses?
What was Jamestown's government called?
House of Burgesses
What was Plymouth's government called?
Why were the early years of Jamestown full of hardships?
many settlers refused to work
What saved Jamestown?
They started to sell tobacco
How did Jamestown's location cause them problems?
They were in a swampy location.
Why did the Puritans leave England?
They were being persecuted by the King of England for not following the Church of England
Why did the Puritans create the Mayflower Compact?
to help them govern their new colony fairly
What was the winter in Jamestown called?
What system was based on the idea that colonies only existed for the benefit of the mother country?
What was a colony's function under the mercantile system?
provide raw materials for the mother country
What colonies belonged to New England?
New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island
Under the mercantile system who could the colonies trade with?
Only the mother country
Who introduced tobacco to the Jamestown?
Why did settlers come to Jamestown?
To get wealthy, find gold and silver
Where was Jamestown?
Where was Plymouth?
What year was Jamestown, the 1st English colony, established?
What year was Plymouth, the 2nd English colony, established?
What were those called in Jamestown that were wealthy and refused to work?
What were those called that came to Plymouth?
Puritans, Separatists, Pilgrims
What type of colony was Jamestown?
joint stock colony
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