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Biology Exam 3
Terms in this set (16)
What does cytosine pair with?
DNA replicates by what model?
How long would the peptide be that is translated from this MRNA sequence: 5'-AUGGGCUACCGA-3'?
In gel electrophoresis of DNA, the different bands in the final gel form because the DNA molecules ________.
have different lengths
In the reproductive cloning of an animal, the genome of the cloned individual comes from ________.
What is a genetically modified organism (GMO)?
an organism with an artificially altered genome
Genomics can be used in agriculture to:
Generate new hybrid strains; Improve disease resistance; Improve yield
What are the components of nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA?
Nitrogenous base, inorganic phosphate, and ribose
The nitrogenous base thymine is what type of base?
What molecule connects the sugars in a strand of DNA?
The flow of molecular information from genes to RNA to proteins is referred to as what?
The central dogma
The three types of RNA involved in gene expression are:
mRNA, tRNA, and rRNA
What does it mean when we say the genetic code is "degenerate" or "redundant"?
because a single amino acid may be coded for by more than one codon.
What type of bond keeps each individual DNA strand together?
What enzyme is responsible for adding nucleotides to a growing DNA chain during replication?
The process of producing RNA using a gene as a template is called:
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