49 terms

Atlas A- Orentation to Anatomy

The frontal plane passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into equal right and left portions
The cut of a guillotine is an example of a section done in the midsagittal plane
The appendix is typically found in the right lower quadrant
The liver is proximal to the diaphragm
When the abdomen is divided into nine regions, the superior horizontal line is called the midclavicular line.
The most lateral and superior region of the abdomen is called the hypochondriac region
In anatomical position, the forearm is supinated
The heart occupies a space called the pericardial cavity between the parietal and visceral pericardium
The cranial cavity contains the brain.
thoracic; cranial
The __________ cavity is inferior to the _____________ cavity
the brachial region
The most superior segment of the upper limb is
femoral; crural
The _____ region of the left lower limb is proximal to the _____ region of the same
visceral peritoneum
The ______ wraps around stomach, small intestine, and large intestine.
pancreas; digestive and endocrine
The ________ is an organ directly associated with both the _____ systems.
palms facing posteriorly
Which one of the following is NOT in the correct anatomical position?
The plane that passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into anterior and posterior portions is called the _____ plane.
The interscapular region is ______ to the scapular region.
The breastbone is _____ to the vertebral column.
The _____ part of the small intestine is the part closest the stomach
superior; lateral
The right shoulder is ______ and __________ to the umbilical region
The trachea is _____ to the esophagus.
anterior; superior
In the cat, the head is _________ to the tail, whereas in the human the head is ________ to the gluteal region (buttock)
The visceral pericardium is ________ to the parietal pericardium
The lumbar vertebrae are __________ to the thoracic vertebrae
left upper quadrant (LUQ)
The stomach is located mainly in which quadrant of the abdomen?
The superolateral regions of the abdomen are called the _________ regions
The urinary bladder is located in the __________ region
carpal; tarsal
In the appendicular region, the wrist is called the _____ region, and the ankle is called the ___________ region.
vertebral canal
The backbone encloses the
The brain and the spinal cord are protected by
serous membranes
The thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity are lined by
The thoracic cavity is divided into right, left, and medial portions by a region called the
thoracic; pleurae
The _______ cavity contains the lungs, which are enfolded in the ____.
parietal pleura; visceral pleura
The most superficial wall of the pleural cavity is lined by the _____, whereas the outer surface of the lungs is covered by _____.
thoracic; pericardium
The heart is in the _____ cavity and is covered by the _____.
parietal pericardium
The most superficial membrane of the heart is called
The abdominopelvic cavity contains a moist serous membrane called
The kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, aorta, and inferior vena cava are all located
A continuation of the peritoneum that binds the small intestine and suspends it from the abdominal wall is the
greater omentum
A fatty membrane that hangs like an apron from the inferolateral margin of the stomach and overlies the small intestine is the
integumentary system
This system provides protection, water retention, thermoregulation, and vitamin D production.
lymphatic system
The thymus, spleen and tonsils are principal organs of this system
endocrine and nervous systems
These two systems control and coordinate the 50 trillion cells in a human
skeletal system
This system stores 99% of your calcium and is critical for blood cell formation
respiratory; circulatory
The system that exchanges carbon dioxide and oxygen and helps in speech is the _____ system, whereas the system that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide is the ______ system
This system breaks down food and absorbs nutrients
urinary system
This system regulates blood volume and pressure, stimulates red blood cell formation, and controls fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance.
The image of a typical chest X-ray shows a _____ view of the thoracic region
superficial; inferior
The thyroid gland is _____ to the trachea and _____ to the thyroid cartilage of the larynx.