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Terms in this set (30)
An example of a study that prompted the formation of the APA Ethical Standards
the Stanford Prison Experiment, Little Albert, the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, or Milgram's Obedience Study
The assumption that there is no difference or no association between the two variables.
A 2 x 3 x 4 x 24 factorial design has this number of independent variables.
This type of study is the only one that allows us to make causal conclusions
The section of a paper that includes all of the statistical analyses performed in a study
the results section
The principle that recommends researchers 'do good' and 'do no harm'
beneficence and non-maleficence
The 3 factors that make a study a true experiment.
-manipulation of an IV
-random assignment to groups
-everything else controlled
The reason a pretest-posttest natural control-group design is considered a quasi-experimental design.
What is participants are not randomly assigned to conditions?
The "noise" coming from individual differences that we want to minimize within each experimental condition or group.
An example of a number that would be spelled out in a research paper.
one thru nine
The ethical principle that requires researchers to let participants know they can leave a study at any time without penalty.
respect for autonomy
The degree to which your results can generalize to a larger population.
A reduced ability to detect small effects is one limitation of these designs.
Variance we hope is responsible for the differences observed on the dependent variable (given that we have designed a sound study).
A phrase that appears on every page of your paper summarizing the title of your article.
One type of deception used in research that involves purposely misinforming participants about certain aspects of a study.
The type of validity concerned with how well a researcher's operationalization captures the variable they are attempting to manipulate/measure.
Adding this to an experimental design allows us to quantify the extent of improvement due to treatment
The two major categorizations of variance.
systematic and unsystematic
The abbreviation you should use to clarify or be more precise about what you just wrote.
Confidentiality and Anonymity are two important aspects of this ethical principle.
The extent to which psychological processes triggered during an experiment are real and meaningful to participants
This procedure reduces the probability of a selection threat to internal validity.
The principle that dictates how researchers think about variance when designing a study.
This is what should appear below the author's name on an APA-style title page.
the name of the university
An example of something a researcher might do to 'squeeze out' results in favor of their hypothesis
omitting outliers, omitting/tampering with certain surveys/measures, omitting studies, or p-hacking
This type of validity is particularly threatened by small or unrepresentative samples.
One disadvantage of this type of design is that there is a larger participant "burden" due to fatigue from multiple experimental tasks.
Controlling for threats to internal validity strengthens this claim.
the independent variable is responsible for the change in the dependent variable (causal effect)
An example of language that is used to describe a CAUSAL effect and an example of language that is used to describe an ASSOCIATION.
Causal: causes, affects, changes, may lead to, makes, hurts, promotes
Association: is correlated with, is at higher risk for, is associated with, is related to,
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
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Psychology Chapters 5-7