Integumentary & Digestive
Terms in this set (16)
protects the body, maintains temperature, eliminates wastes, gathers information, produces vitamin D
the outer layer of the skin
inner layer of the skin
a pigment that gives the skin its color
process by which the body breaks down food into small nutrient molecules
both mechanical and chemical digestion occurs in mouth
begins when teeth cut, tear, and grind the food
begins when saliva breaks down the molecules into simple sugars
a muscular tube that carries the food from the mouth to the stomach.
flap of tissue that seals off the windpipe and prevents food from entering the lungs (also part of respiratory system)
muscular bag that contains smooth muscles that contract to churn food and mix it with fluids
chemical digestion is completed here; nutrients are absorbed into the blood stream at the villi
produces and releases bile to digest fats
stores bile and releases it into the small intestine.
produces enzymes that flow into the small intestine to help break down starches, proteins, and fats.
water is absorbed back into the bloodstream and wastes are dried and readied for elimination.