ACT 3 SCENE 1
BANQUO: Thou hast it now: king, Cawdor, Glamis, all, as the weird women promised, and, I fear, Thou play'dst most foully for't: yet it was said It should not stand in thy posterity, But that myself should be the root and father Of many kings. If there come truth from them -
As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine- Why, by the verities on thee made good,May they not be my oracles as well,
And set me up in hope? But hush! no more.
MacBeth's desire for power, though he thought it was only apparent to himself, is known to his good friend, Banquo, as well. Is he shocked, sad, suspsicious?
When Banquo is referring to the Witches, Shakespeare has made Banquo seem like a desperate character by putting him by himself and having him refer and question things that have happened in his past. Banquo's second thoughts are influencing the fact that he isn't a brave man who never loses composure.
Fears Macbeth has won the crown falsely and is expressing his disappointment and disgust in Mabeth's actions, showing he is clearly unhappy with his choice and he shouldn't have done it.
The witches promised Banquo that he'd be father to many kings and that MacBeth, though he'd be king himself, would not establish a lineage of royalty. If it is true, their speeches shine in that heir speeches shed light — shine — on the future. They also glimmer in hope ... Banquo is hopeful that since what the Weird sisters promised MacBeth has come true, that he has hope that he will indeed be father to many kings.
refuses to talk more on it because he is normal/scared.
Darkness and night are everywhere in Macbeth associated with death. It is obvious then, that Shakespeare is foreshadowing Banquo's death through his own words. This line, when Banquo tells Macbeth that he is leaving by horse with Fleance (perhaps for fear of Macbeth's recent violent tendencies - see the soliloquy delivered by Banquo in the same scene), marks that moment at which Macbeth internally begins formulating to murder the two of them. He then has murderers brought in and Banquo is eventually killed, though Fleance escapes, causing Macbeth to frantically worry over his own fate.
Better yet is that Banquo will only become "borrower of the night for a dark hour" [emphasis mine], because he later at a banquet appears to Macbeth as a bloodied apparition.
While it is not Macbeth's first killing, Banquo was a friend and fellow general of Macbeth and in this instance he was not urged on by his wife; alone, his ambition shines through, as he attempts to kill the two of them out of the paranoia that has accompanied his bloody ascension to power.
After Banquo, Macbeth is so wracked by insane fear that he has more killed - including a woman and her son - even as his wife herself begins to feel regret. Structurally, the climax (which without this line could not occur) matches this: after the murder of Banquo, Macbeth is wholly consumed by insecure delusions, while the plot decompresses, detailing Macbeth's decline.
While Banquo is alive, he is a threat to Macbeth, due to the fact his sons will have kings. The security of his kingship rests partly on his own children's succession to the crown of Scotland. However, because he has no children of his own, his treacherous act of regicide — the murder of a king — appears pointless and committed on behalf of Banquo's promised successors. soliloquy Macbeth delivers is filled with language of contrast. His split with Banquo is emphasised by opposing pronouns: "They hailed him father to a line of kings: Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown, And put a barren sceptre in my gripe"
The line "To make them kings, the seed of Banquo kings!" is almost incredulous, as if Macbeth is trying to convince himself the Witches could not possibly have spoken the truth. Whereas Banquo still trusts in the fateful prophecy, Macbeth is all too ready to dismiss it. In Act I, Scene 2, the wounded captain reported that Macbeth the warrior-hero was prepared to disdain Fortune. Now Macbeth the murderer goes one step further by literally challenging Fate itself to a tournament (or "list"): "Rather than so, come, fate, into the list / And champion me to the utterance". Note that the verb "to champion" here has its original meaning: to fight against, not for.
Well then, now Have you consider'd of my speeches? Know That it was he in the times past which held you So under fortune, which you thought had been
Our innocent self: this I made good to you In our last conference, pass'd in probation with you, How you were borne in hand, how cross'd, The instruments,
Who wrought with them, and all things else that might To half a soul and to a notion crazed Say 'Thus did Banquo.'
You made it known to us.
I did so, and went further, which is now
Our point of second meeting. Do you find
Your patience so predominant in your nature That you can let this go? Are you so gospell'd To pray for this good man and for his issue, Whose heavy hand hath bow'd you to the grave And beggar'd yours for ever?
ACT 3 scene 1
Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men;
As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs, Shoughs, water-rugs and demi-wolves, are clept All by the name of dogs. The valued file distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle, The housekeeper, the hunter, every one
According to the gift which bounteous nature Hath in him closed; whereby he does receive particular addition from the bill That writes them all alike. And so of men. Now, if you have a station in the file, Not i' the worst rank of manhood, say 't; And I will put that business in your bosoms, Whose execution takes your enemy off, Grapples you to the heart and love of us, Who wear our health but sickly in his life, Which in his death were perfect.
when the First Murderer replies, "We are men, my liege," Macbeth cuts off his speech and, in a sequence of powerful metaphors, reduces the humanity of these murderers to the level of beasts: "Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men, As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs . . . and demi-wolves are clept [called] All by the name of dogs".
Although Macbeth flatters the Murderers by suggesting that the business of Banquo's murder will elevate them above the common rank, his ironic tone reveals that he thinks of them as little more than beasts. Doubly ironic, then, is that this entire speech is admission to himself of his own inhumanity and imperfection: Macbeth himself is acting like a "demi-wolf." The lines are triply ironic when we see that indeed the murderers are, themselves, imperfect in carrying out his instructions for the "perfect" crime.
This notion of perfection is one that now comes to dominate Macbeth's thoughts. Banquo's death would make Macbeth's "health . . . perfect"