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Terms in this set (43)
Characteristics of the Enlightenment
The educated began to use reason and science as the basis for understanding all things; Use of logic to solve society's problems; Creation of philosophes who believed Locke's political philosophy, backed Newtons theories, and believed strongly in freedom of speech.
English Civil War (Sides and outcome)
Parliamentarians vs. Royalists. This conflict led to a transition to a parliamentarian government along with the execution of the king and exile of his son.
Characteristics of mercantilism
Main economic policy of the Commercial Revolution; A nation's wealth is measured in gold and silver bullion; A favorable balance of trade is needed (export more than import); Colonies are needed to extract raw materials, and provide new markets to sell manufactured goods
The gun powder empires
Namely the Ottoman, Mughal, and Safavid Empire, the Gunpoweder Empires used the newly developed firearms to build their empires.
When did Napoleon create his empire?
The "White dominions" of the British
Colonies with a European majority, White Dominions became independent in 1926 and began to separate from the UK while still keeping good relations.
Characteristics of Tropical Dependencies
colonies whose only purpose was exploitation of resources; foreign powers had political control, but largely left the indigenous alone; largely dependent on cash crops
Characteristics of Stalin's rule
Command economy, rapid industrialization, famine, 5-Year Plans, political repression (removal of opposition), women's rights, health care, education
Cause of the collapse of U.S.S.R.
Economic troubles and public discontent with Communism
Characteristics of the Mughal empire
Majority muslim, but hindus could attain power; period of religious tolerance (Akbar/Tried to win over Hindus by making things more equal)
Characteristics of the Safavid empire
Characteristics of the Ottoman empire
religious freedom (millets with some autonomy)
Causes and outcome of the Mexican Revolution (1910)
Caused by the dictatorship of "President" Diaz, it ended with the election of V. Carrana who set a minimun wage, limited foreign economic intervention, and increased women's rights
Causes and outcome of the Russian Revolution (1917)
Caused by discontent with the rule of the Tsar, and later that of the provisional government. The affects of the first revolution were the establishment of dual powers in Russia with the Provisional Government help state power and the Soviets held national power. The outcome of the second rebellion was the establishment of Lenin as ruler and of communism in Russia.
Causes and outcome of the Chinese Revolution (1911)
Caused by the incompetence of the government, it led to the fall of the Qing dynasty and establishment of a republic in China.
Causes and outcomes of WWI
Caused by Imperialism, Nationalism, the Alliance system, and some idiot assassin, it led to massive death tolls on both sides, massive punishment towards Germany created resentment and economic failure in that country
Causes and outcomes of WWII
Caused by The Treaty of Versailles, The Great Depression, Fascism and fascist agression, it led to the formation of the U.N., Nuclear weapons, the Holocaust, the Cold War
Causes and outcomes of the Cold War
Caused by the spread of Communism, it led to worldwide nuclear proliferation and a huge expeniture of money
Compare Maoist China and Stalinist Russia
Whereas Maoist ideals focused more on rural and agricultural power, Stalinism focused more on industrialization
judging another's culture based solely upon one person's beliefs or culture
belief that there is a God but he does not interfere in worldly things. It is the main belief of philosophes
he centralized France
Ottoman infantry, recruited from the sons of Christian citizens and converted to Islam.
Wars between Britain and China concerning trade. It ended with China maintaining its isolation but with five ports open to trade and the cession of Hong Kong to the British.
rebellion against the Qing Dynasty that led to greater government control
anti-foreign/Christian movement/revolution that was supported by half of China's government
first Communist leader of Russia
second Communist leader of Russia
Peter the Great
forcefully industrialized Russia
Created the first encyclopedia
Wrote The Wealth of Nations
French protestants who were influenced by the writings of John Calvin
centralization of Japan
Congress of Vienna
convened to stop all the revolutions happening in Europe and in the Americas
14th to 17th centuries
c. 1760-c. 1820
Collapse of U.S.S.R.
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