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History study guide
Terms in this set (106)
A restriction of people's rights to buy unlimited amounts of particular food and other goods, often implemented during wartime to ensure adequate supplies for the military.
An involvement in risky business transactions in an effort to make a quick or large profit
A name given to the serviceman's readjustment act, a 1944 law that provided financial and educational benefits for World War II veterans
Women's auxiliary army corps
The military's workforce needs were so great "that there are innumerable duties now being performed by soldiers that can be done better by woman"
Residential town or community near a city
During the 1920s Harlem pulsed to the sounds of jazz, which lured throngs of whites to the showy, exotic nightclubs there, including the famed cotton club
One who spoke quietly or "easily" to stay low - key during Prohibition
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Policy for Relief, Recovery, and Reform
"The New Deal"
Direct election of Senators
Legalize income tax
Pres. who ended spoils system
Endorsed woman's suffrage and oversaw the passage of the Clayton antitrust act
Expanded the cabinet to include children's bureau and department of labor
Trust - busting, Muck - raking, bear- saving, rough - riding. two-term rule Pres.
The temperance movement
Woman suffrage amendment
Jailed for sending information about birth control through the mail
Which civil rights leader did Roosevelt invite to the White House?
Booker T. Washington
Which legislative act was passed in 1906, mostly because of coupon Sinclair's novel?
The meat inspection act
Which reforms were not made by the progressive politicians at the local event?
Presidential term limits
Which was not on the populist platform
Increase federal spending
Which of the following woman's issues was a focus on social progressives?
Domestic violence, suffrage, working conditions, access to medical care
Which religious movement influence social progressivism?
The social Gospel movement
How did Theodore Roosevelt prefer to deal with the coalminer strike in 1902?
Acts as a moderator to help reach compromise
In what way was Taft more progressive than Roosevelt
He busted more trusts
Which legislative act was used by Theodore Roosevelt to break up monopolies?
Sherman antitrust act
Which was not an urban issue for social progressives?
Who lost the 1896 election, with his speech "cross of gold"
William Jennings Bryan
Which candidate ran as a third-party candidate on the progressive ticket in 1912?
Which was not an economic goal of progressives?
How did Hawaii plantation owners limit political opposition to annexation?
They deposed the queen
Which precedent in American foreign-policy was affirmed by Venezuelan border dispute?
Which organization encourage voluntary rationing such as "wheatless"
Why did Hawaiian plantation owners seek annexation from the United States?
They wanted to avoid Tariffs
Which organization was established for regulating production during World War II
War industries Board
Which national group was targeted for discrimination during World War I
Which law made it illegal to seek out military or government information?
Which two countries allowed the United States to moderate their boundary disputes in 1995?
Britain and Venezuela
Which US ship exploded in Habana Harbor, leaving the American public to suspect Spanish of foul play?
Which tactics did the Filipinos use in fighting against the Americans?
Which organization was responsible for distributing American propaganda during World War I
Where did the Spanish - American war not take place in
Why did that de Lome letter outrage the American public, leading to the outbreak of the Spanish - American war?
Spanish officials made fun of McKinley
Which territory was ceded to the US in Treaty of Paris in 1898?
Puerto Rico, Cuba, Guam, and Philippines
Which cash crop did Hawaiian plantation owners export to the US
Which US demands were incorporated into the Cuban constitution under the platt amendments
Cuba could not go into debt, land lease to the US for naval bases, limited treaties with foreign nations, US rights to intervene
Which congressional act recognize Cuba's independence and guarantee their freedom at the end of the Spanish - American war
By which method of the Spanish military attempt to restore order to Cuba during the rebellion
The use of concentration camps
Which law gave Puerto Ricans American citizenship
How long did the Spanish - American war last
Just under four months
Which law made it illegal to protest against the government in time of a war?
The icon for the "new woman" of the 1920's
Organized crime was on the rise due to the constitutional amendment
This was commonly used as a way to buy now, pay later, and contributed to the growing consumer debt
Nickname for the Tennessee trial that gained national attention for debating evolution
Albert fall was convicted of taking bribes for oil leases to this Wyoming Reserve
Nickname for the day the stock Market crashed
The region created by the agricultural phenomenon set off by poor farming practices and drought
The Dust Bowl
Jobless men and homeless families lie in these gatherings of makeshift homes
Hoover encouraged employers to keep workers sustain wages in this program
This town was the center of African American culture in the 20's
He was a musician who played the cornet and popularized tunes "Lazy River"
His work, The New Negro, is credited with starting the Harlem Renaissance
Alain LeRoy Locke
"Poet who wrote "Them for English B"
The attack on this US naval base brought the US into the war
The amendment to the Neutrality acts permitted trade with Britain and posed little risk to American Merchants
Cash and Carry
This act established America's first peacetime draft
Selective Service Act
Aerospace manufacturing temporarily halted this industry
This organization oversaw the allocation of resource for the war effort
War production board
Keep it cool with this president
His "Ohio Gang" cabinet promoted high tariffs and limited regulation
He was tried for violating the Tennessee statute that banned the teaching of evolution in public school
He was a famous bootlegger in chicago; he was jailed for tax evasion
He was a folk singer who recorded songs about he dust bowl and depression
A type of music that featured syncopated rhythms and improvisation
Derogatory term for migrant farmers in California
A policy of reducing the amount of scarce goods that consumers can buy
Popular dance club that featured black artists, but admitted white patrons only
The practice of investing in risky stocks to get rich quick
This president delegated authority over military areas to the secretary of war
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Civilian Exclusion order No. 27 designated areas in this city that prohibited people of Japanese ancestry
Manzanar, Tule Lake, Minidoka, Heart Mountain, Granada, and Topaz are examples of these centers
The president cited the war powers clause of the constitution when issuing this executive order
This congressional committee investigates suspected communist threats in politics and media
House Un-American Activities Committtee
This campaign featured over 200,000 fights to relieve west berliners from Soviet Blockade
the berlin airlift
This organization is a mutual defense alliance involving N. America and W. Europe and greece and Turkey
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Activists refuse to use this public transportation system in Montgomery, until it was desegregated
This organization was at the center of the Till trail and the Montgomery boycott
This schol in Little Tock, Arkansas was desegregated in 1957
The March on Washington route ended at tis national landmark, where MLK delivered his famous "I have a dream" speech
This president proposed the Civil Rights Act in 1963
John F. Kennedy
She refused to give up her seat in protest of Segregation in Montgomery, Alabama
They were executed for passing atomic bomb secrets to the russians
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
He continued Kennedy's commitment to Civil RIghts escalated the Vietnam War
Lyndon B. Johnson
He coined the term Black Power
These areas moved families outside of the city into "Cookie Cutter" housing
Compare and Contrast Plessy V. Furguson and Brown V. Board of Education
Protection on the right to education. Progress of American Civilization.
Brown V. Board of education: Educational case of black race. Isolation and unequal
Plessy V. Ferguson was not
Separate but equal
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
put young men 18-25 to work building infrastructure and planting plants, and flood control projects
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
renovated five existing dams and constructed 20 new ones, creating many jobs and benifits.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Provided federal insurance for individual bank accounts of up to $5,000, reassuring millions of bank customers that their money was safe.
Securities an Exchange Commission (SEC)
To regulate the stock market. Prevented prevent people with inside information about companies from "rigging" the stock market for their own profit.
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Quickly created as many jobs as possible- construction- orchestras
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