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Sociology Chapter 10 & 11
Terms in this set (40)
Adopting the traits of another culture. Often happens over time when one immigrates into a new country.
A personality that is disposed to favor obedience to authority and intolerance of outgroups and those lower in status
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of a group.
a group that is advantaged and has superior resources and rights in a society
Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics
the coexistence of a variety of distinct racial and ethnic groups within one society
A premeditated effort to kill everyone from a particular ethnic group.
The negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that person's perceived characteristics
Oppression of one racial group, based on the presumed inferiority of the oppressed group.
The treatment of subordinate peoples as colonial subjects by those in power.
A hostile or negative attitude toward a distinguishable group of people, based solely on their membership in that group
A group of human beings distinguished by physical traits, blood types, genetic code patterns or genetically inherited characteristics.
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
A person or thing carrying the blame for others
Legal separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
(4 to 12 feet) the distance most U.S Americans use when they interact with unfamiliar others.
split labor market
a term used to describe the division of the economy into two areas of employment, a primary sector or upper tier, composed of higher-paid (usually dominant-group) workers in more-secure jobs, and a secondary sector or lower tier, composed of lower-paid (often subordinate-group) workers in jobs with little security and hazardous working conditions
False assumptions that all members of some group share the same characteristics
a group whose members, because of physical or cultural characteristics, are disadvantaged and subjected to unequal treatment by the dominant group and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
a term that describes how a person perceives and feels about his or her body.
Idea that jobs of equivalent value to an organization should carry the same pay rates regardless of differences in the work and the personal chracteristic of the employee
A female movement for gender equality.
A socially and culturally constructed set of distinctions between masculine and feminine sets of behaviors that is promoted and expected by society
behavior that shows favoritism toward one gender over the other
Internal sense of being either male or female. Usually congruent with biological gender, but not always.
Patterns of work, appearance, and behavior that a society associates with being male or female. (Bernstein Psychology 8e p. 490)
An individual that functions as both male and female in sexual reproduction by producing both sperm and eggs.
Discomfort over close personal interaction with people thought to be gay, lesbian, or bisexual
A society ruled or controlled by women
A form of social organization in which males dominate females
primary sex characteristics
a physical feature such as the reproductive organs and genitals that distinguish the sexes
bodily develop apart from genitalia, that distinguishes mature men and women - hair body fat voice
A feature or quality belonging typically to a person, place, or thing and serving to identify it.
The biological aspects that define gender
Attitudes or behavior based on traditional stereotypes of sexual roles. Discrimination or devaluation based on a person's sex, as in restricted job opportunities; esp., such discrimination directed against women.
Any uninvited and unwelcome sexual remark or sexual advance.
A person's preference for emotional and sexual relationships with individuals of the same sex, opposite sex, or either sex.
A person who has changed sexes.
a male who lives as a woman or a female who lives as a man but does not alter the genitalia
the difference between the amount paid to different groups of people for their work
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