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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
2019 HIS 131 TEST CHAPTER 5 & 6
Terms in this set (65)
A confrontation between a crowd of Bostonians and british Soldiers on
MARCH 5, 1770
. Resulted in the deaths of five people, including Crispus Attucks, the first official casualty in the war for independence.
Four acts that Lord North passes to punish Massachusetts for destroying the tea and refusing to pay for the damage.
(Administration of Justice Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Port Act, Quartering Act)
Also titled the Intolerable Acts by American Patriots along with the Quebec Act.
Committees of Correspondence
Colonial extralegal shadow governments that convened to coordinate plans of resistance against the british.
Daughters of Liberty
Well-born British colonial women who led a non-importation movement against British goods.
A tax that consumers pay directly, rather than through merchants' higher prices.
A tax imposed on businesses, rather than directly on consumers.
The name American Patriots gave the Coercive Acts and the Quebec Act.
Colonists in America who were loyal to Great Britain.
A letter penned by Son of Liberty Samuel Adams that laid out the unconstitutionality of taxation without representation and encouraged the other colonies to boycott British goods.
No Taxation Without Representation
The principle, first articulated in the Virginia Stamp Act resolutions, that the colonists needed to be represented in Parliament if they were to be taxed.
A widespread colonial boycott of British goods
A line along the Appalachian Mountains, imposed by the Proclamation of
, West of which British colonists could not settle.
Sons of Liberty
Artisans, shopkeepers, and small-time merchants who opposed the Stamp Act and considered themselves British Patriots.
A Massachusetts plan of resistance to the Intolerable Acts that formed the basis of the eventual plan adopted by the First Continental Congress for resisting the British, including the arming of militias and the adoption of a widespread non-importation, non-exportation, and non-consumption agreement.
British royal courts without juries that settled disputes occurring at sea.
State-wide acts that made it legal for state governments to seize Loyalists' property.
The paper currency that the Continental government printed to fund the Revolution.
The decree signed by Lord Dunmore, the royal governor of Virginia, which proclaimed that any slaves or indentured servants who fought on the side of the British would be rewarded with their freedom.
German mercenaries hired by Great Britain (George III )to put down the American rebellion.
North Carolina's declaration of rebellion against Great Britain.
Colonial militias prepared to mobilize and fight the British with a minute's notice.
The practice of allowing the citizens of a state territory to decide issues based on the principle of majority rule.
A political philosophy that holds that . states should be governed by representatives, not a monarch; as a social philosophy, republicanism required civic virtue of its citizens.
The British colonies in North America that declared independence from Great Britain in
, which included: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, the province of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, South Carolina, and Virginia.
The virginia port where British General Cornwallis surrendered to American forces.
December 16, 1773
Boston Tea Party.
A protest against the Tea Act of 1773 and the Stamp Act of 1765
A Loyalist who was publicly Tarred and Feathered, then forced to renounce his position as a royal customs officer at the threat of being hung. (During the Boston Tea Party?)
1763 - 1766
The most organized resistance of indian tribes (These ones in the great lakes area) who were unhappy with British policies.
Proclamation of 1763 was created as a response
- Reduces tax on molasses and strengthens compliance.
; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc. - Led to stamp act congress
Stamp Act Congress
First gathering of representatives from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance.
a series of British acts of Parliament passed during
1767 and 1768
that enacted a series of taxes to raise revenue
Tribes that held ground of westward movement
Shawnee, Seneca-Cayuga, Wyandot, and Delaware.
April 19 1775
Battle of Lexington and Concord. (shot heard round the world) first battle of the revolution
october 19 1781
Battle of Yorktown/ Surrender
French and Indian War
1754 - 1763
Treaty of Paris
ended French and Indian war
Ended the American Revolution.
In the 1700s, the American Revolution was met with the most resistance by which group of people?
a) Former slaves
b) Native americans
c) Poor farmers and laborers
B) Native Americans
Where in the colonies did the British military concentrate their attacks?
a) On major inland cities
b) In large farming areas
c) Along the Atlantic coast
C) Along the Atlantic Coast
What was the most likely reason why loyalism to the British crown was more concentrated around New York City than Boston?
a) Very little patriot activity occurred in New York City.
b) The British had occupied New York City the longest time.
c) No major battles were fought against the British in New York City
A) Very little patriot activity occurred in New York City.
In which state were the most battles fought between the Continental and British forces in the Revolutionary War?
b) New York
B) New York
Which Revolutionary war battle ended with the surrender of General Cornwallis to General Washington?
b) Valley Forge
During the Revolutionary War, why did many colonial slaves fight on the side of the British rather than with the colonist?
a) The colonist did not want to allow slaves to use weapons
b) The colonist only permitted free blacks to join their military
c) The colonist would not promise to abolish slavery as the British did
A) The colonist did not want to allow slaves to use weapons
Prohibited colonial printing of paper money and forced colonists to pay British Merchants in gold and silver (Instead of colonial paper money already in circulation)
1,500 British troops showed up but the New York Assembly refused to follow the Quartering Act.
Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions
Drafted by Patrick Henry; protested the Stamp Act and asserted the colonists' right to a large measure of self-government. Passed by House of Burgesses in response to the Stamp Act. Said only the Virginia general Assembly could tax Virginians.
The stamp act congress
A meeting of delegations (9 representatives) from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance.
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
created by delegates from nine colonies, set forth view of British power in colonies. Parliament didn't have right to tax colonists without their legislative consent and demanded repeal of Stamp and Sugar Acts.
December 17, 1765
Sons of liberty call for the resignation of Andrew Oliver
Daughters of liberty protested the stamp act by refusing to buy British goods and encouraging others to do the same
April 7, 1766
18 daughters of liberty spun from sunrise until dark, and then refused tea at dinner as to protest.
July 4th 1776
Declaration of Independence was signed.
1776, Thomas Paine's pamphlet that encouraged the declaration.
Battle of Saratoga
Victory over General Burgoyne Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except georgia met in philadelphia to discuss problems with britain and to promote a Boycott of ALL british goods.
March 17 1776
Boston- Evacuation Day
Washington's Army surrounds the British in Boston. Using the cannons and artillery recovered from Fort Ticonderoga, the British are forced to leave the city, without engaging in battle. Americans in Boston refer to this as "Evacuation Day." Ending the 2 year long siege of Boston.
Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge
- Clash in North Carolina
Summer of 1776
Second continental congress met and agreed to sever ties with Great Britain. Declaration of independence.
Battle of Long Island
August 27, 1776
- Terrible defeat of american military by general howe
Meeting with 3 of founding fathers and the Howes' meant to create peace but ultimately disbanded as a failure.
Battle of Harlem Heights
September 16, 1776
American forces held up against the British, important american military achievement.
Battle of White Plains
Revolutionary War engagement that took place on
October 28, 1776
, between General George Washington's troops, evacuating New York city, and British forces under Sir William Howe.
Battle of Princeton