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21 terms

A Glossary of Poetic Terms (Grade 8)

Literary Devices, Poetic Devices, Poetic Terms, Figurative Language
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Alliteration
a repetition of the same consonant or vowel sound in close succession
Allusion
a brief, undeveloped reference to a familiar or famous place, event, or figure from literature
Assonance
a repetition of the same vowel sound in close succession
Consonance
a repetition of the same consonant sound in close succession
Couplet
two successive lines of rhyming verse having the same number of feet
Enjambement
a line of poetry that ends without punctuation, causing the reader to continue into the following line without a pause
Foot
a basic unit of measurement for syllable groups in poetry
Hyperbole
a figure of speech which makes deliberate use of exaggeration for serious or humourous emphasis
Image
words and word groups that help the reader sense or picture what is being described; can be literal or figurative
Imagery
a pattern of images that emerge through a poem
Metaphor
a common figure of speech in which a direct comparison or identification is made between two unlike objects
Meter
a system for identifying and measuring the rhythm evident through stressed and unstressed syllables; expressed in two parts; identification of the feet and a count of the number of feet in a given line
Onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound imitates, suggests, and reinforces its meaning
Oxymoron
the deliberate side-by-side placement of words that seem contradictory in meaning
Personification
a figure of speech attributing human qualities to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract ideas
Rhyme
the positioning of words to emphasize the agreement or similarity of their sounds
Rhyme Scheme
a labeling system to describe the rhyming pattern of a poem, most commonly using letters to label all lines in order to discover the pattern of rhyme
Simile
a figure of speech to draw an indirect comparison between two dissimilar things using "like" or "as"
Stanza
lines grouped together to form a unit within a poem
Theme
the main idea of a work, not usually directly stated
Tone
the attitude of the author or speaker toward the subject and audience