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AP Psychology: Unit 2 - The Brain
Terms in this set (34)
2. No conscious effort
4. Just processing
Automatic survival functions
the oldest part and central core of the brain
Part of the brainstem that controls vital life-sustaining functions such as heartbeat, breathing and swallowing.
When someone chokes a person, they're damaging their _______ ______.
Coordinates movements to the left and right sides of the body
Influences sleep, dreams and arousal
Found in the brain stem, within the medulla and pons.
It enables arousal and alertness -- therefore, it pays attention to information from the environment.
Sensory Switchboard (what to send where).
All the senses come here, except for smell. Afterward the senses go to different parts of the brain.
The brain center for smell, located below the frontal lobes
Balance and coordination
Aids in nonverbal learning, such as practicing bicycle kicks, and memory
1. Emotions and sex
2. Food drives
3. Linbic System
A limbic system structure involved in memory and emotion, particularly fear and aggression.
1. Bodily maintenance, such as hunger and thirst.
3. Reward Center
Controlled by the hypothalamus, it is the master glands of the Endocrine System
A neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage.
Body's ultimate control, information and processing center
Cerebral cortex (cerebrum)
Body's ultimate control center. It contains 2 hemispheres with each 4 lobes.
Association Areas (Cerebrum)
higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking
Cortical Areas (Cerebrum)
Prefrontal Cortex, visual cortex and the motor cortex
the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them
the different regions into which the cerebral cortex is divided
1. Deals with judgement, planning, processing and new memories.
2. Involved with speaking and muscle
Contains the motor cortex [voluntary movement]
Broca's Area in the left hemisphere, which processes words.
Prefrontal Cortex (frontal lobe)
most frontal region of the frontal lobe; involved in higher-order cognitive processes (planning, decision making, emotional control). It is the last area to develop.
1. Deals with mathematics and spatial reasoning
2. Receives sensory input for touch and body position.
Contains the somatosensory cortex [receives info from skin surface and sense organs].
Enables face recognition and hearing
Auditory Cortex (Temporal Lobe)
hearing (receives info from opposite ear)
Wernide's Area, comprehends words, is located in the...
Where is the visual cortex located in?
The occipital lobe
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