US History Chapter 24 Review
Terms in this set (42)
Richard M. Nixon
Elected in 1969, conservative president that slowed down segregation and was impeached for the Watergate Scandal
Family Assistance Plan
Plan that gave every non-income household of four a federal payment of $1,600 a year
SALT I Treaty
Signed by Nixon and Brezhnev; five year agreement that limited the number of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine missiles to 1972 levels
Part of Nixon's inner circle, he was his Chief of Staff
Part of Nixon's inner circle, he was his Attorney General
Gerald R. Ford
President that pardoned Nixon, he unsuccessfully tried to whip inflation and caused the nation to go into a recession
Muslim religious leader that led rebels in overthrowing the Iranian shah and established a religious state in Iran.
Someone who takes an active role in the protection of the environment
Nixon's plan that distributed a portion of federal power to state and local governments
Nixon's attempt to attract Southern conservative Democrats by appealing to to their unhappiness with desegregation policies
High unemployment coupled with high inflation
Part of Nixon's inner circle, he was his Chief Domestic Advisor
Committee to reelect the President
An organization formed to run President Nixon's 1972 reelection campaign, which was linked to the Watergate Scandal
Democratic President that was once a peanut farmer; he eased US dependence on foreign oil slightly, but mishandled the Iran Hostage Crisis
National Energy Act
A law enacted during the Carter administration, that established a tax on "gas-guzzling' automobiles, removed price controls on US oil and natural gas, and provided tax credits for the development of alternative energy sources
Environmental Protection Agency
A federal agency established in 1970 for the regulation of water and air pollution, toxic waste, pesticides, and radiation
An economic association of oil-producing nations that is able to set oil prices
A foreign policy advocated by Henry Kissinger in the Nixon administration based on consideration of a nation's power rather that its ideals or moral principles
The process of accusing a public official of wrongdoing
Judge who presided over the Watergate Scandal and believed the two burglars did not act alone
The rights and freedoms, such as those named in the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights, to which all people are entitled
Marine biologist who authored Silent Spring to warn about the harm caused by pesticides
The distribution of federal money to state and local governments with few or no restrictions on how it is spent
The flexible policy, involving a willingness to negotiate and an easing of tensions, that was adopted by President Nixon and his adviser in their dealings with communist nations
A scandal arising from the Nixon administration's attempt to cover up its involvement in the 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters
Saturday Night Massacre
A name given to the resignation of the U.S. attorney general and the firing of his deputy after they refused to fire the special prosecutor investigating Watergate
Camp David Accords
Historic agreements between Israel and Egypt negotiated by President Carter
A day set aside for environmental education, celebrated annually on April 22.
Three Mile Island
Place where a radiation leak occurred causing the evacuation of 100,000 residents
By slowing down desegregation legislature and appointing conservative judges into the Supreme Court
How did Nixon try to win over the Southern Democrats?
Funding war, funding social programs, high dependence on foreign oil, competition in international trade, flood of new workers
Identify 4 factors that contributed to the economic dilemma during Nixon's administration.
He warmed relations with communist countries
What was Nixon's biggest contribution to foreign affairs?
Nixon further expanded the already supreme executive power with little regard to the constitution
How was Nixon an imperial president?
I proved that no one, not even the president, was above the law/Constitution
What was so significant about Nixon's impeachment and how it affected the law?
Being involved in and aiding in the cover-up of the Watergate Scandal
What was President Nixon impeached for?
There were no incentives for people to be more energy efficient
Why was Ford's call for voluntary actions to help the economy unsuccessful?
The worst economic recession in 40 years
What did Ford's economic policy cause?
He was a democrat, and "honest" peanut farmer, not a professional politician, the failing economy under a Republican administration
What factors played a significant role in Carter's election?
It was the first signed peace agreement between Israel and an Arab country
What was the significance of the Camp David Accords?
When he supported the Shah's corrupt government in Iran
Carter contradicted his human rights policy with his position on what?
The President allowed the newly removed Shah to enter the United States for cancer treatment
Why did Iranian's kidnap 52 Americans in 1979?
Who negotiated the release of the American hostages in 1981?