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Psychology Module 11
Terms in this set (30)
A fertilized egg
The biochemical units of heredity that make up chromosomes.
A developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the end of the eighth week.
A developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth.
Substances that cross the placental barrier and prevent the fetus from developing normally.
Physical and cognitive abnormalities that appear in children whose mothers consumed large amounts of alcohol while pregnant.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
A baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to open the mouth and search for the nipple.
Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior.
A subfield of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.
All mental processes associated with thinking, knowing, and remembering.
Concepts or mental frameworks that organize and interpret information.
Interpreting new experience in terms of existing schemas.
Adapting current schemas to incorporate new information.
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants learn about the world through their sensory impressions and motor activities.
The awareness that things continue to exist even when you cannot see or hear them.
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from about 2 to 6 or 7 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but cannot yet think logically.
The principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects.
In Piaget's theory, the inability of the preoperational child to take another person's point of view or to understand that symbols can represent other objects.
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (from about 6 or 7 to 11 years of age) during which children gain the mental skills that let them think logically about concrete events.
Concrete Operational Stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (beginning about age 12) during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts and form strategies about things they may not have experienced.
Formal Operational Stage
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning by about 8 months of age.
The emotional tie with another person shown by seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation.
The optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain experiences produces proper development.
The process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period early in life.
A style of parenting marked by imposing rules and expecting obedience.
+parents are low in warmth and version of discipline is strict and often physical
+communication is high from parent to child but low from child to parent
+maturity expectations are high
A style of parenting marked by submitting to children's desires, making few demands, and using little punishment.
+parents are high in warmth but rarely discipline their children
+communication is low from parent to child but high from child to parent
+expectations of maturity are low
A style of parenting marked by making demands on the child, being responsive, setting and enforcing rules, and discussing the reasons behind the rules.
+parents are high in warmth and version of discipline is moderate
+communication is high from parent to child and child to parent
+maturity expectations are moderate
Pioneer in the study of developmental psychology who introduced a stage theory of cognitive development that led to a better understanding of children's thought processes.
Researcher who focused on critical attachment periods in baby birds, a concept he called imprinting.
a persons characteristic, emotional excitability
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