65 terms

hg test 2

a typical at 24 months weighs about
30 pounds
the biological protection of brain when malnutrition tempority affects body growth is known as
head sparing
approximately how many hours per day do newborns spend sleeping?
17+ hours
what is the most likely reason that parents would chosse a co sleeping arrangement for their infant
because of cultural norms
A basic nerve cell in the central nervous system is called
which of the following best describes the cortex of the brain
it makes up the outer layers of the brain
the part of a neroun that acts as tiny antenne and conducts signals toward the axons of that cell is called the
brain weigh triples in the first two years of the primaily because of the growth of
The process through which unused and misconnected dentrites arthopy and die called
The area in the brain that plans, anticpates, and control impusle and is the last part of the brain to mature is the
prefrontal cortex
Assume that an abusvie caregiver shakes an infant to get her to stop crying. The infant stops crying because of which of the following mechanism
blood vessels in her brain rupture and neural connections break
A newborn is lying in crib . Someone across the rooom speaks. how will the newborn react to vocie
he will turn his head in the direction of the voice
The average infant's visual system
benefits from stilution in the early months of life
The learned abitbiy to move and control some parts of the body is refeered to as
motor skill
When infants trun their heads and suck in reponse to a touch on the check they are demobnsrating the
rooting reflex
heathly infants usually devlop
the same motor skill i the same sequence
The production of antibodies is stimulated by
Piaget called the infants; first preiod of congnitve development
sensormotor intelligence
Piaget believed children begin to devlop cognity at
The _is the point where the axon of one neuron meets the dendrites of another neron
Sensation occurs when a sensory detects a stimlus _occurs when the brain proceess the sensorty information
The abilty to use both eyestogether to focus on an object is called _ vision
Later theorist in the bebavorist tradion incoprated the role of _ learning to explain how personality traits are formed
Children's realizetion that they are seprate person with minds bodies and behavior seprate from those around them is called
self awarness
The infant's repettion of syllables such as ba ba is called
The persective of congnion modled on computer functioning is called
information proceesing
After repeated exposures to an event or an object the child tends to experinces
Nothing that children between 12 and 18 months of age enage in acutal experimention and explosion piaget decribes the tollors o fhis age
little scenist
When newborns are cold they shiver cry and tuck their legs close on the body. these are examlpes of _ that help maintrain constant body tempture
Because of _ a 10 month old may later pick up and try to use the scissors his brother used to cut paper
deferred imitation
The process of getting used to objet or event through repeated exposure to it is reddered to as
Information process therioist would decribes perception as a
cognitive process
Which of the following best defines the term affordance
the opportunity for perception and interection that is offered by people the envirment and ojects
Perception primed to focous on movemnet and change is called
dyanamic perception
Baby Genevieve has many colorful toys and books to look at but her very favorite sight is her big brother's face. She is demonsting the universal principle of infant perception called
people prefernce
According to jean piaget the two element of adatption are
assimilation and accommodation
Which of the following is a behavior that you would observe in the second of piaget's sensorimotor stages
an infant grabbing a bottle to suck on
Once an infant becomes reponsive to other people and to objects and touches and moves thme she is engaing in
secondary circluar reactions
A partcular stage four baby does not like to get wet. If his mother turned on the faucet and got out his bath towel the baby might
howl and move away from her and the bathroom
Hugh enjoys playing with your keys. When you tke them away and place i your pocket Hugh does not search for them. Piaget would say that Hugh does not understand
object permanence
Once infants become active in exploration and emperimention within their enviroment they engaging in
tertiary reactions
Piaget refferned to toddlers in stage as
little sciencts
The scientfic method used by an infant in stage five is
trail and error
Which of the following chatcteristics must be present before an infant can experince pride shame guilt
awareness of the people
According to psychoanltyic theroy the prime focus of pleasure in early infancy is
the mouth
How do people become fixated in freudian stage
their normal developtal urges are frusted
Which of the following statemnet is correct regarding toitlet training
children who begin toliet training at a later age take less time to train children who start training at a younger age
In Erikson's theory the infant's earliest task is decribed as that of
learning trust or mistrust
according to erikson's theory which of the following is tru of most toddlers
they want to gain a sense of autonomy or control over their own bodies
8 month han has learned that shaking his crib rail bring his mother into his bedroom. His crib rail brings his mother to mind, demonstracting his
implict memory
The usual order of the development of spoken langue is
reflex cooing babling spoken words
Which of the following emotions requries the greatest sophistcation in a infant
at 6 weeks jessica's most recent emontial reaction is likely to be
asocial smile
tammi age 4 and dawn age 13 months are left with babysitters. how will they react
dawn will probaly show more distress then tammi
Distal parenting tends to produce chlildren who are
self ware
Marhartia and roberto are warm nuruting parents who held their baby all of the time and cradles him. they are exhibing
proimal parenting
A theory of child rearing that is embedded in culture or ethnicty is
Concerning temperment and personaliy reseach has found that
temperament is linked to biologcial patterns that appear in infancy
Attachment staus appears to be determined by panent's
response to their child
Infant day care is of high quality if caregivers emphasize among other things
sensorimotor exploration
Geoffrey enjoys spending time with his 1 year old son. go with his wife Geoffrey's interaction with their son likely to be
more playful
Sasha's pediatrian informs her parents that Sasha's 1 year old barian exhibitint transient exubernce. in reponse to this newa sahasa' parents
smile becasue they know their daugher's brain is developing new neural connections
which of the following does not contribeute to the ability to walk
parental teaching
Compared to the first year growth the second year
proceeds at a slower rate
2 year old ralphie i sanxious and moody most of the time. according to big five study his temperment would be classifed as