World History Semester 2 Review
Terms in this set (48)
To increase production output during the Industrial Revolution, businesses primarily invested in:
In the mid 1700s, how did trade contribute to the early growth of an industrial economy in Great Britain?
It gave Britain entrepreneurs the capital needed to open new factories
What late 18th century European artistic movement arose as a reaction against Classicism's emphasis on reason?
The social criticism of Charles Dickens's novel Hard Times and David Copperfield was a response to conditions brought by:
At the end of the 1800s, colonies were generally seen as a:
Sign on a country's relative power
Economically, what enabled Japan to become a colonial power after 1894?
Industrialization allowed Japan to expend resources on military and colonial expansion
In 1900, anti-foreign sentiment in China led to an uprising known as the
The collapse of the last Chinese Empire in 1912 was caused by the imperial government's failure to:
Control foreign influence
Mohandas Gandhi used his philosophy of nonviolent noncooperation in an effort to:
Achieve India's independence from Great Britain
By 1914, Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two African countries to:
Retain their independence
Why did Great Britain, France, and Russia form the Triple Entente in 1907?
To respond to the increased military power of Germany
According to some historians, Europe's system of alliances prior to 1914 increased the likelihood that:
Small disputes would develop into large-scale wars
During World War I, US propaganda posters often portrayed German soldiers as:
Violators of human rights
One major reason for the tension between France and Germany before World War I was that:
France wanted to regain land previously seized by Germany
Why did most of the combat on the Western Front in World War I take place in a relatively small area?
The armies became immobile because of trench warfare
The Schlieffen Plan was designed by the German military to:
Avoid the problem of fighting Allied powers on two fronts
How did Russia's participation in World War I affect its empire?
Economic hardships brought on by the war resulted in the downfall of the czar
Which of the following most affected the course and outcome of World War I?
American military and financial intervention in the war
One contribution of overseas colonies to the Allied effort during World War I was that they provided:
Large numbers of soldiers to reinforce the allied armies
President Wilson said that his Fourteen Points would provide a framework for:
A lasting and just peace
A major goal of France and Great Britain at the Conference of Versailles following World War I was to:
Keep Germany from rebuilding its military forces
What aim did Italian leader Vittorio Orlando have during the creation of the Treaty of Versailles?
To gain territory from Austria-Hungary.
One way fascist leaders in the 1920s and the 1930s gained popular support was by:
Appealing to national pride
The Nazis blamed most of Germany's pre-World War II social and economic problems on Jews and the:
Authors Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald are identified with:
The lost generation
How did the Cheka (secret police) help Lenin gain control of Russia?
They used terror tactics against the enemies of Bolshevism
Lenin hoped that the Russian Revolution of 1917 would:
Incite similar socialist rebellions throughout Europe
Stalin's Great Purge from 1934 to 1939:
Brought the death of millions of people
In the struggle to gain control of the Soviet Union in the 1920s, Stalin's chief political rival was:
Both the Italian Fascists and the German Nazis gained power partly because they:
Used terror tactics against political opponents
Which of the following does NOT describe Hitler's Germany, Mussolini's Italy, and Stalin's Russia?
Marxist principles governed all economic activity
In 1939, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany as a direct result of the German:
Invasion of Poland
Which nation sought to establish the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere between 1931 and 1945?
Following the US' entry to World War II, American and British leaders decided that their highest priority would be:
Invade Europe and defeat Germany
Why did Hitler sign a non-aggression treaty with Stalin on the eve of World War II?
To allow Germany to invade Poland without Soviet opposition
One major purpose of the Yalta Conference in 1945 was to decide:
How to reconstruct Europe after the war
Early in the World War II, Allied leaders decided that the enemy they had to defeat first was:
Which of the following countries suffered high civilian & military casualties because it was invaded and partially occupied during World War II?
The Soviet Union
Which of these is the main reason that Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania become satellites of the Soviet Union?
The soviet army occupied these areas in the end of World War II
The economic recovery of japan followings World War II primarily focused on:
Developing industry and an export economy
Which of the following was a primary cause of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union?
A competition for political influence over other countries
US intervention of Vietnam came as a result of the Cold War policy of:
What was one major goal of the Soviet Union at the beginning of the Cold War?
to create a defensive buffer zone in Eastern Europe
When the us sent military aid to African governments to help them resist communism it was continuing a foreign policy first asserted in the:
The Arab oil embargo against the us of 1973 was initiated because of us support for:
Israel in the yon kipper war
NATO was created in order to:
Create a unified military defense between the us and western europe
The Warsaw Pact was created in 1955 as a response to:
Formation of the North Atlantic treaty organization
In India and Pakistan, feelings of nationalism are intertwined with religious conflict between:
Muslims and hindus
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