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Who are Social Workers?

People with a degree in social work (BSW or MSW) from a program accredited by the Council on Social Work Education

the triad

knowledge guided by values put into action as skills

SOWO is a science that has

- a body of knowledge
- tested skills
- research outcomes

SOWO is an art that uses

- creative intervention
- original judgment
- personality
- all aspects of self

Methods of practice

-group work
-community intervention
-case management


reimbursement by insurance companies

TCU Department of Social Work perspective

Generalist perspective with an Inclusive world view

generalist perspective

Preparing social worker
-to work with clients of varying ages, social class, cultures
-with the values to accept and deal with all people
-with the skills to work in any system

inclusive world view

-affirming, not separate
-transformational (people can change)
-recognition of excluded groups
-making historical reality visible


-supporting a cause or issue
-the means through which social workers:
-help clients achieve self-sufficiency
-help society relieve oppression
-help the social work profession achieve status & power


-whole person approach
-person-in-environment (PIE)




-essential for growth
-dependence is healthy
-people provide support to each other
-social workers work within relationships

personal as political

personal issues and problems often result from social/institutional arrangements

Friedlander's definition of social work

a profession that helps individuals, groups and communities reach the highest possible degree of social, physical, and mental well-being (enhance social functioning)

enhance social functioning

-restore ability to function or cope (empowerment)
-provide individual or social resources
-prevention of social problems
-improving social conditions
-achieving social justice and equality

Maslow's Hierachy of Needs


human needs

-people work to meet needs any way they can
-if large numbers of people can't meet needs, society must decide whether or not to help
-social workers work to meet needs through the social welfare system
-social welfare most likely to help meet physiological needs

social welfare system

-societal response to need
-policies and procedures to meet minimum level of well-being
-focus: strengthen families, strengthen individual capacity to cope, solve social problems

views of social welfare


residual view of social welfare

back up when other systems break down: selective eligibility and stigma

institutional view of social welfare

normal systems of industrialized society: universal eligibility

developmental view of social welfare



everyone is on welfare

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