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The French and Indian War was fought between
the British and the French in North America, over control of the Ohio Valley
England's reasons to retain control over the colonies included
a desire to remain a world power, and the ability to impose taxes to raise revenues
England needed to tax the colonies to
help finance the debt from the French and Indian War, and to pay to maintain English troops in the colonies
The Stamp Act (1765) taxed colonists on
playing cards, calendars, legal documents, licenses, and newspapers (anything requiring ink)
What happened during the Boston Tea Party was
colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded a British ship and dumped 300 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
As a result of the Boston Tea Party
the KIng punished the colonists by blockading their harbor, and issued other Intolerable Acts
The First Continental Congress
Delegates from all the colonies except Georgia met to discuss their problems with England and to promote independence. They wrote a letter to King George demanding that he repeal the Intolerable Acts (1774, after the Boston Tea Party).
The Second Continental Congress
formed the Continental Army and named George Washington commander in chief
"No Taxation Without Representation" means
the colonists had no representative in Parliament to speak or vote for them, yet they paid taxes anyway
Colonists were unhappy with the Proclamation of 1763 because
it said the colonists couldn't move into that same Ohio Valley that England had just won rights to
patriot woman who assisted soldiers in the Continental Army during the Battle of Monmouth
Prime Minister of Great Britain during the Revolution; his ministry passed the acts that led the the Boston Tea Party
member of the Continental Congress who helped frame the Declaration of Independence, and who helped gin French support for American independence
member of House of Burgesses who inspired colonial patriotism, saying, "Give me liberty or give me death"
patriot from Massachusetts who co-let the Boston Tea Party and urged general boycott of British trade
Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival; also an instigator of the Boston Tea Party
The Battle of Lexington & Concord
was the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War ("the shot heard 'round the world")
The Battle of Saratoga was
the American victory that was the turning point of the war; encouraged the French to join on the American's side
The Battle of Yorktown was
the last major battle of the Revolutionary War, won by the Continental Army
At the end of the Battle of Yorktown
the British army under General Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington, marking the end of the Revolutionary War
The Revolutionary War was won by
the colonists, allowing the colonies to break away from English rule
The Declaration of Independence declared that everyone has "unalienable rights" to
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
The Declaration of Independence says that government is established to
protect the rights of the people
The Declaration of Independence says that the authority to govern does not belong to kings, but derives from
the people being governed
The Declaration of Independence says that if the government violates the rights of the people, they people have a right and a duty to
alter or abolish that government, and replace it with one that will not violate those rights
The Revolutionary War ended when
the United States, Britain, France and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783
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