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Grade 6 American Revolution Study Guide

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The French and Indian War happened
BEFORE the Revolutionary War, from 1754 to 1763
The French and Indian War was fought between
the British and the French in North America, over control of the Ohio Valley
The French and Indian War was won by
the British, who went deeply into debt as a result
England's reasons to retain control over the colonies included
a desire to remain a world power, and the ability to impose taxes to raise revenues
England needed to tax the colonies to
help finance the debt from the French and Indian War, and to pay to maintain English troops in the colonies
The Stamp Act (1765) taxed colonists on
playing cards, calendars, legal documents, licenses, and newspapers (anything requiring ink)
The Stamp Act was repealed in
1766
The Townshend Act (1767) taxed colonists on
tea, paper, glass and paint
The Townshend Act was partially repealed in
1770
The part of the Townshend Act that was not repealed was
Tea Tax
The Stamp Act and the Townshend Act both resulted in
boycotts
The Boston Tea Party occurred in
1773
What happened during the Boston Tea Party was
colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded a British ship and dumped 300 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
As a result of the Boston Tea Party
the KIng punished the colonists by blockading their harbor, and issued other Intolerable Acts
The First Continental Congress
Delegates from all the colonies except Georgia met to discuss their problems with England and to promote independence. They wrote a letter to King George demanding that he repeal the Intolerable Acts (1774, after the Boston Tea Party).
The Second Continental Congress
formed the Continental Army and named George Washington commander in chief
England thought the colonists should be governed by
Parliament, the governing body in Great Britain
The colonists thought they should be governed by
their local assemblies (themselves)
The motto of the colonists about taxes was
"No Taxation Without Representation"
"No Taxation Without Representation" means
the colonists had no representative in Parliament to speak or vote for them, yet they paid taxes anyway
Colonists were unhappy with the Proclamation of 1763 because
it said the colonists couldn't move into that same Ohio Valley that England had just won rights to
George Washington
Commander in Chief of the Continental Army
Thomas Jefferson
Chief writer of the Declaration of Independence
Molly Pitcher
patriot woman who assisted soldiers in the Continental Army during the Battle of Monmouth
Lord North
Prime Minister of Great Britain during the Revolution; his ministry passed the acts that led the the Boston Tea Party
Benjamin Franklin
member of the Continental Congress who helped frame the Declaration of Independence, and who helped gin French support for American independence
Patrick Henry
member of House of Burgesses who inspired colonial patriotism, saying, "Give me liberty or give me death"
Lord Cornwallis
British General who surrendered at Yorktown
John Adams
Boston resident who championed the cause of independence
Samuel Adams
patriot from Massachusetts who co-let the Boston Tea Party and urged general boycott of British trade
Phillis Wheatley
former slave who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence
King George
British King during the Revolutionary War
Paul Revere
Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival; also an instigator of the Boston Tea Party
Deborah Sampson
patriot woman who served in the Continental Army disguised as a man
Thomas Paine
Journalist and author of Common Sense
The Boston Massacre was
when colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers
The Battle of Lexington & Concord
was the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War ("the shot heard 'round the world")
The Battle of Saratoga was
the American victory that was the turning point of the war; encouraged the French to join on the American's side
The Battle of Yorktown was
the last major battle of the Revolutionary War, won by the Continental Army
At the end of the Battle of Yorktown
the British army under General Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington, marking the end of the Revolutionary War
The Revolutionary War was won by
the colonists, allowing the colonies to break away from English rule
The Declaration of Independence was signed on
July 4, 1776
The Declaration of Independence
declared that the colonists were free from England
The Declaration of Independence declared that everyone has "unalienable rights" to
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
The Declaration of Independence says that government is established to
protect the rights of the people
The Declaration of Independence says that the authority to govern does not belong to kings, but derives from
the people being governed
The Declaration of Independence says that if the government violates the rights of the people, they people have a right and a duty to
alter or abolish that government, and replace it with one that will not violate those rights
The Revolutionary War ended when
the United States, Britain, France and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783
The Treaty of Paris
gave the United States control of the frontier region from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River, and declared that the United States was a free and independent country