CHW Cht 19 USII
Terms in this set (56)
Mexican revolutionary whose bloody regime Wilson refused to recognize and nearly ended up fighting
1916 - Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico and Pershing was directed to follow him into Mexico. Pershing looked for him and finally left without finding him
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years before WWI.
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
the right of people to choose their own form of government
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
(n.) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj.) illegal, prohibited
British passenger ship that was torpedoed by a German U-boat in 1915; 1200 people died and 128 Americans died. Was said to have been carrying war supplies
A promise Germany made to America, after Wilson threatened to sever ties, to stop sinking their ships without warning.
1917 - Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
War Industries Board
Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
This government agency was headed by Herbert Hoover and was established to increase the production of food and ration food for the military.
National War Labor Board
A board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war
Committee on Public Information
government organization that produced propaganda to build support for the war
Espionage and Sedition Acts 1917-1918
crime to utter false statements that interfere with the military, as well as publish and send mail materials advocating treason, insurrection, or resistance
Schenck v. United States
A 1919 decision upholding the conviction of a socialist who had urged young men to resist the draft during World War I. Justice Holmes declared that government can limit speech if the speech provokes a "clear and present danger" of substantive evils.
American Expeditionary Force
About 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing. Included the regular army, the National Guard, and the new larger force of volunteers and draftees and they served as individuals
a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war (1918).
Battle of Argonne Forest
defeat of the Germans by French and American troops in France in October 1918
The Big Four were the four most important leaders, and the most important ones at the Paris Peace Conference. They were Woodrow Wilson- USA, David Lloyd George- UK, George Clemenceau- France, and Vittorio Orlando- Italy.
(1918) President Woodrow Wilson's plan for organizing post World War I Europe and for avoiding future wars.
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
Became president when Harding died of pneumonia. He was known for practicing a rigid economy in money and words, and acquired the name "Silent Cal" for being so soft-spoken. He was a true republican and industrialist. Believed in the government supporting big business.
an organization for coordinating the activities of Communist parties in other countries.
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General who rounded up many suspects who were thought to be un-American and socialistic; he helped to increase the Red Scare;
to capture Vera Cruz but they were unsuccessful
Why did Wilson send troops to Mexico during his presidency
execution of Franz Ferdinand
Explain the spark that led to the outbreak of WWI
alliances & imperialism
What were the deeper causes of WWI
no, because they made major contribution of supplies
Was the US ever really neutral in WWI
promote the purchase of war bonds and got people to sacrifice to support the war effort
What role did propaganda play in the war
broke the rules of naval engagement
What did the intro of submarine warfare change fighting
First war to break the rule of engagement for battlefield attacks
Why did trench warfare change fighting tactics
3. US Supplies Britain with guns and ammo
4. Germany attacks with subs
What are the steps that led the US to war against Germany in WWI
How did the US mobilize the troops
National War Labor Board & women took the men's places at work
How did the US mobilize workers/industry
War Industries board and Food Administration
How did the US utilize natural resources and food
by using propaganda
How did US get public opinion for the war effort
Bonds, women at work, rationing
How did the Gov't play for the cost of WWI
helped bring greater equality to minorities and allowed them to fight for the war effort but they still were not equal
How were minotiry groups affected by the war
the Democrats wanted to keep us out of war
How did efforts to support the war effort conflict with democratic ideals
Because of the Russian Revolution
Why did Russia leave the war in 1918
they brought the AEF or American's fighting force with 2 million fresh recruits against people who were war weary for three years
What role American troops play in ending the German offensive
Wilson wanted to end the war and prevent another one. Big Four wanted revenge
How did Wilson's plan for peace differ from the Big Four plan for peace
Because they agreed to keep the League of Nations in it which was his non-negotiable item
Why did Wilson fight for Verification for the Treaty of Versailles even though he was disappointed
They did not want the US entangled in European affairs
Why did Senate refuse to ratify the treaty
US had no tolerance for them and everyoe started to watch for them
How did WWI impact communists/anarchists
rich got richer and the poor suffered
What happened to the cost of living in the US
They had to fight for their members because they wanted the same jobs they had before leaving for war
How did the war impact labor and the labor unions
more rights and respect
How did the war impact African Americans
fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life
Red Scare ended bc there was no foundation and Palmer eventually had to give up the fight for health reasons
Why did the red scare end
appealed to america's desire for calm and peace after the war--
It ultimately resulted in scandal
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