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clinical psychology exam 1
Terms in this set (100)
1. according to the definition of clinical psychology offered by the society of clinical psychology (division 12 of the American Psychological Association), clinical psychology focuses on the ______ aspect of human
A. All of the Above
2. Compared to other degrees in the mental health field, the doctoral degree in clinical psychology
C. equips one for a wider array of job opportunities
3. Which of the following clinical psychologists may currently prescribe medication to people under their care?
C. only clinical psychologist in some states
4. Dr. Green is a clinical psychologist. Her neighbor, Dr. Brown, is a psychiatrist. In which area below would we expect to find that Dr. Green has received more training than Dr.Brown?
D. All of the above
5. Dr Stevens feels competent seeing clients who are having difficulty adjusting to stressors in their lives but who generally function at a high level. If she was to determine that a client had schizophrenia or needed medication, she would refer another type of mental health professional. Dr Stevens is probably a
D. counseling psychologists
6. Dr. Young earned a doctoral degree in counseling psychology 5 years ago, and Dr. Experienced earned a doctoral degree in counseling psychology 25 years ago. Which of the following is most likely, considering recent trends in the field?
D. Dr. Young is less interested in traditionally clinical activities than Dr. Experienced
7. What trend has been observed over the years regarding the theoretical orientation of counseling psychologists?
D. Counseling psychologists have shifted from a predominantly humanistic orientation to a predominantly psychodynamic one
8. Which of the following is true?
C. It is more likely for clinical for a clinical program, as opposed to counseling program, to be housed in a psychology department
9. Which mental health profession below is most likely to emphasize social forces and external agents that may contribute to patients' difficulties?
B. clinical social work
10. Which of the following activities is typical of a school psychologists?
D. All of the above
11. People who are trained to assist professional mental health workers
A. are called paraprofessionals
12. Which activity typically occupies the largest portion of clinical psychologists' time?
13. According to recent research on the topic, which two activities are most commonly engaged in by clinical psychologists?
D. assessment/ diagnostic and psychotherapy
14. The mental health professionals most likely to have been trained as both scientist and practitioners are
D. psychiatric nurses
15. Kai is a typical clinical psychologist. Most likely, he has completed
C. a bachelor's degree, a medical degree, and a three-year residency
16. The clinical science training model
B. focuses on evidence-based approaches to assessment and intervention.
17. Due to the direct influence of Philippe Pinel and Dorothea Dix, individuals with mental illness were, as a whole
A. treated more humanely than before
18. Francis Galton is best known for
C. applying quantitative methods to understanding difference among people
19. If you had met with James McKeen Catell and asked him to assess your intelligence, he most likely would have
B. measured your reaction time to various task
20. The Binet-Simon Scale
C. was an early measure of intellectual ability for children with cognitive limitations
21. You schedule a personality assessment, and the professional you meet with say she's going to start off by giving you a word-association task. On the basis of this information alone, the professional's approach appears to have been influenced by which of the following individuals?
D. Carl Jung
22. When the United States entered World War I in 1917, the Army asked the APA to
A. develop test to classify military recruit according to ability level.
23. What is "psyhcodiagnostik"?
C. Herman Rorschach's book describing the use of inkblots as projective stimuli
24. What does it mean to say that a personality measure is "projective" in nature?
A. It requires the test taker to "project" his or her personality onto an ambiguous test stimulus
25. Tests used to evaluate relative strengths and deficits of patients based upon empirically established brain-behavior relationships are know as _______ tests.
26. Jean Charcot is best known for
B. putting on dramatic clinical demonstrations of hypnosis
27. Freud;s collaboration with ______ paved the way for the development of psychoanalysis
28. When large numbers of World War II soldiers developed emotional difficulties,
B. the military asked psychologists to develop screening tests, which came to be called Army Alpha and Army Beta
29. ALL BUT WHICH of the following is true of cognitive therapy?
D. It has proven to be one of the most effective psychological treatments ever developed.
30. Which of the following clinical psychologists would be most likely to call themselves as "eclectic"?
B. Dr. Chen, who offers cognitive therapy in both psychiatric and general hospital settings
31. Which of the following is an accurate statement about the treatments offered by clinical psychologists?
D. The number of treatments has grown tremendously in recent decades, and most of these treatments have received empirical support
32. In ________, the Task Force on Promotion and Dissemination of Psychological Procedures published its first list of "empirically" supported treatments."
33. In 2002, _____ became the first state(s) to enact a law authorizing properly trained psychologists to prescribe psychotropic medications to patients or clients.
B. New Mexico
34. Many historians point to the establishment of the first psychological clinic by ______ in 1896 as the beginning of the field of clinical psychology
35. Your learn that your friend's a great-great-grandfather was a psychologist in the U.S. during the early part of the last century (roughly 1900-1910). Based on this information alone, in what kind of setting would you guess that he worked?
D. a university department
36. What was the most significant outcome of the 1949 conference held in Boulder, Colorado?
C. the scientist-practitioner training model
37. Which of the following is NOT an element of the training model in clinical psychology that has been dominant for the last 50 years?
C. achievement of the Psy.D. degree
38. Russel, a clinical psychology graduate student, is less interested in diagnosing or treating psychological problems that in preventing them in the first place. Which subspecialty below would fit best with his career aims?
B. Health pychology
39. Currently, the most popular training model for clinical psychologists is the
B. scientist-practitioner model
40. The acceptance rate for applicants to Psy. D. programs is about
41. Terrence and Zachary are each pursuing higher degrees in clinical psychology: Terrence a Ph.D. and Zachary a Psy.D. Based on this information alone, which student will likely finish his degree sooner?
42. Which of the following is true regarding licensure as a psychologist?
C. Licensure usually requires passing a written exam
43. Last spring, Johan earned his Ph.D in clinical psychology in an APA-accredited program. This spring he will complete one year of supervised postdoctoral work and go to the state capital to take the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP). What kind of professional designation doe Johan appear to be pursuing?
44. Contemporary private practice is dominated by
C. clinical work within a managed care content
45. Unlike a PPO, an HMO
A. employs a restricted number of providers to serve members
46. The influence of managed care is likely to impact psychological treatment in the future in ALL BUT THE FOLLOWING ways:
D. more psychological services will be delivered via primary care settings
47. ALL BUT WHICH of the following are criticisms against clinical psychologists obtaining prescription privileges?
A. Clinical psychologist would de-emphasize necessary medication and rely too heavily upon psyhcotherapy
48. In 1993, the Ad Hoc Task Force on Psychopharmacology of APA published recommendations regarding competence in prescribing. According to these recommendations, in order to achieve the highest level of competence (level 3) and practice independently as a prescribing psychologist, the psychologist must have completed
C. a strong undergraduate background in biological sciences, two years of graduate training in psychopharmacology, and a postdoctoral psychopharmacology residency.
49. JoAnn has just begun treatment for generalized anxiety disorder, and her therapist gave her an electronic diary with instructions to rate her anxiety level and provide a brief description of the current situation every time she is prompted by the dairy. The term for this type of assessment is
D. periodic electronic evaluation
50. According to U.S Census Bureau projections, between 1995 and 2050, population growth will be lowest for
A. non-Hispanic Whites
51. The mental health professionals most likely to have been trained as both scientist and practitioners are
D. psychiatric nurses
52. In 2007, the APA published recommendations pertaining to sensitive clinical practice with ____, due to concerns about diagnostic bias and other issues
B. girls and women
53. Among the "General Principles" presented in the most recent revision of the APA ethics code is
D. All of the above
54. In the Tarasoff case, the California Supreme Court ruled that
C. the therapist should have warned additional people.
55. In sceintific terms, the best explanations for human behavior are those
C. that are based upon cross sectional research
56. Which of the following statements best summarizes the relationship between theory and research in clinical psychology?
D. Theory and research influence each other
57. Over the course of several weeks, a psychologist visits a 4th grade classroom at various points during each day to determine whether hyperactive behavior is more prevalent at particular time of day. This research method is best described as
A. naturalistic observation
58. Case studies have proven useful for
C. describing unusual phenomena or novel treatment
59. Researchers on a college campus conduct an epidemiological study regarding criminal activity. They interview students about their personal histories of criminal activity, and the students underestimate the amount of criminal activity in which they have participated. This inaccuracy is probably due to
B. Social desirability
60. According to recent epidemiological data, women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with
A. mood disorders and anxiety disorders
61. The correlation coefficient tell us
B which variable causes the other
62. What is the "third-variable problem"?
D. When a researcher fails to consider that two variables may be correlated due only to the effects of some unmeasured third variable
63. Good experimental procedure in the above study (#29) would include
B. matching participants on initial severity of depressive symptoms
64. A major advantage of within-group experimental designs is that they
A. require fewer participants that between-group designs
65. ALL BUT WHICH of the following is true of the placebo effect?
B. It may be controlled through use of double- blind procedures
66. Dr.Jennings has developed an intervention to help people stop smoking, and he wants to conduct a study to test it. In his design, he first collects baseline measurements of how much his study participants smoke at work, at home, and while socializing. Then, for one week he instructs participants to use the interventions he's developed only at work; during the next week he instructs participants to use these techniques at both work and home; and during the next week he instructs participants to use these techniques at work, at home, and while socializing with friends. All along Dr. Jennings continues to track how much people have smoked in each situation. This study is an example of
C. a multiple baseline design
67. Which of the following would constitute a violation of the ethical standard of confidentiality?
B. A professor shows a portion of a therapy session with one of his clients during a graduate seminar, after having obtained the client's consent to do so
68. Ethical psychological researchers
D. All of the above
69. ALL BUT WHICH of the following statements is true regarding the definition of abnormal behavior?
A. Mental health professionals once debated the definition of abnormal behaviors, but the debate has ended.
70. Which of the following terms refers to the idea that, in evaluating a behavior, one must consider the cultural context in which that behavior occurred?
B. cultural analysis
71. ALL BUT WHICH of the following is a disadvantage of using the subjective distress definition of abnormal behavior?
B. not everyone who appears "disordered" to others reports distress
72. Which of the following is not accurate regarding the DSM-IV-TR definition of "mental disorder"?
D. none of the above
73. DSM-1 was published in the
74. Change incorporated in DSM-IV-TR were based on ________ to a greater extent than changes incorporated in any previous edition
B. empirical data
75. In the DSM-IV-TR, Axis V is used to
D. quantitatively estimate an individual's overall level of functioning.
76. In DSM-IV-TR, cocaine dependence is diagnosed on Axis
77. Problems with one's occupation and housing would appear on Axis ___ of DSM-IV-TR
78. DSM-IV-TR adopts a _______ approach to classifying psychopathology
79. For each Axis I and Axis II diagnosis, DSM-IV-TR includes information on all but which of the following?
B. treatment of choice
80. Which of the following is true regarding the reliability of diagnostic classification?
C. Reliability may vary between research- and non-research-oriented assessment contexts
81. A psychiatric diagnosis is valid to the extent that it
D. All of the above suggest diagnostic validity
82. Some individuals have suggested that there is gender bias in psychiatric diagnosis. According to the paper by Widiger and Spitzer described in your textbook, which of the following situations would necessarily demonstrate the existence of such bias?
B. if men and women presenting with the same cluster of symptoms were assigned different diagnosis
83. A good synonym for the term "diathesis" is _______.
84.Which of the following is an accurate statement about psychological assessment?
C. Psychological assessment occurs only at the beginning of treatment
85. ALL BUT WHICH of the following is a goal of interviews conducted by clinical psychologist?
C. personal satisfaction for interviewer
86. Interviews should generally be conducted in an environment in which the client
A. can be assured of privacy and protection from interruptions.
87. Which of the following is an accurate statement about taking verbatim notes during interviews or therapy sessions?
B. Taking verbatim notes may keep the clinician from understanding what the client is feeling during the interview or session.
88. _______ is acceptable in an interview once rapport has been established.
C. either of the above
89. "Would you tell me about your relationship with your spouse ?" is an example a(n)__________ interview question.
90. During an interview, a client mentions that he occasionally experiences panic attacks. The interviewer asks, "Can you tell me a little more about the panic attacks you mentioned?" This is an example of a(n)_______ interview question
91. During an interview, the interviewer says, "Wait, I'm confused. A few minutes ago you said your anxiety prevents you from going to parties, but didn't you just mention being at a party at your friend's house last weekend?" This is an example of a(n)__________ interview question.
92. Intake-admission interviews
A. are conducted increasingly over the telphone
93. A clinician who refers to an interview as a "clinical interview" is probably conducting a(n)
D. unstructed interview
94. The _______ of an interview concerns how well the interview measures what it intends to measure.
95. The introduction of operational criteria as part of the definitions of most mental disorders was essential to the development of structured interviews. Such criteria first appeared in
96. Dr. Kanakis develops a brief structured interview to assess for the various eating disorders. To evaluate the interview, Dr.Kanakis sets up a study where one graduate student interviews an introductory psychology student while another is observing the interview behind a one-way mirror. Both graduate students score the interview. They repeat this process for 25 students, and then their scores are compared to observe the extent to which they agree on the presence or absence of each diagnosis. What, specifically, is being assessed in this study?
B. interrater reliability
97. ________ validity is the degree to which the interview items adequately measure the various aspects of variable or construct.
98. An interview designed to measure depression includes questions about cognitive and emotional aspects, but no questions about somatic aspects (weight changes, sleep disturbance etc.) The interview clearly has imperfect ________ validity.
99. An interview designed to measure panic disorder correlates positively with several measures of psychoticism. This suggest that the interview has ________ validity.
B. poor discriminant
100. Research on interviewing suggest that
D. neither of the above
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