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from the people


medium for discussion

executive orders

rules that have the force of law


fourth tool


grants a postponement of legal punishment


a release from legal punishment


group pardon to people for an offense against the government, often in a military situation


or appointment to political office, rewards the people who have helped get a president elected


formal agreements between the governments of two or more countries

executive agreements

can make them with other countries

de facto

which is when a president does not hold the office but still practices



executive privelege

the right of the president and other high-ranking executive officers, with the president's consent, to refuse to provide information to congress or a court

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