HID - Chapter 6: The Evolution of Exteriors
Terms in this set (42)
Houses reflect the experiences and traditions of past eras.
Style originates from the common experiences of a group of people, such as common values and concerns.
Style refers to the use of formal architectural elements that have been recognized over time for their enduring design excellence.
An architectural style built by English settlers in North America beginning in the early 1600s.
The wood frame of the house actually formed part of the outside wall.
An architectural style built by early English settlers in the southern coastal regions of what is now the United States.
The region of North American that now includes the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
A small, symmetrical, one or one-and-one-half story house with a steep gable roof and side gables.
When objects on both sides of a center point are identical
Structures with windows that project through a sloping roof in the second story.
A variation of the Cape Cod style of housing created by adding a lean-to section to the back side of the house.
A style of housing in which an overhang allows extra space on the second floor.
Style developed in these areas where the climate was warm and dry.
One side of the center point is different from the other.
An immigrant from Sweden, Finland, Norway, and Denmark.
Originally one-room, rectangular house about 10 feet wide and 12 to 20 feet long.
Comes to a high point in the center and slopes on both sides.
Traveled from the region called Germany today, arrived in North America in the late seventeenth century.
Small roof ledges between the first and second floors.
House style with a gambrel roof.
A roof with a lower steeper slope and an upper less-steep slope on both of its sides.
Early French homes built by French Huguenot settlers; one-story structures with many narrow doors and window openings and steeply pitched roofs.
A symmetrically styled home with wings on each side and a Mansard roof on the main part of the house.
An architectural style built by French settlers in southern U.S. regions.
A usually symmetrical style of housing that has a delicate, dignified appearance. The windows are a dominant part of the design, and the tops of the windows break into the eave line.
A variation of the gambrel roof designed by a French architect named Mansard. The slopes of the roof encircle the house, and dormers often project from the steeply pitched part of the roof.
A style of housing that has simple exterior lines, a dignified appearance, and is symmetrical. Georgian houses have windows with small panes of glass and either gable or hip roofs.
Roofs with sloping ends and sides.
A style of housing that has a boxlike shape. It is at least two stories high and is symmetrical with a flat roof.
A style of architecture that emerged during the Federal period. The houses were symmetrical with graceful details. A fanlight over the entrance is characteristic of this style.
Early Classical Revival
A Federal style of architecture that evolved from the classical details of Greek and Italian design.
Architecture imitating ancient Greece. The main characteristic is a two-story portico. The portico is supported by columns and has a large triangular pediment.
A style of housing that features a large two-or-three-story frame with a symmetrical design.
A style of housing named after Queen Victoria of England that has an abundance of decorative trim. Victorian styles include Italianate, Gothic Revival, American Second Empire, Stick, Richardsonian Romanesque, Eastlake Victorian, and Queen Ann.
The housing designs developed in the United States from the early 1900s into the 1980s; also refers to the twenty-first century furniture style that uses simpler lines and abstract forms to result in pieces that can be mass produced from automated machinery.
A style of housing designed by Frank Lloyd Wright with strong horizontal design that uses wood, stone, and materials found in the natural environment.
Arts and Crafts
A style of housing built between 1905 and 1930 based on the Arts and Crafts Movement of the 1880s. Also called Craftsman, this style celebrated the use of natural materials worked by hand.
A one-and-one-half story house with a low-pitched roof, horizontal shape, and a covered front porch.
A modern style of architecture and furniture design beginning in the 1900s, influenced strongly by the Bauhaus, the German state school of design.
A style of housing characterized by a one-story structure at ground level that may have a basement.
A housing style in which the designs are surprising and often controversial; also refers to a twenty-first century furniture style composed of designs that are the very latest introductions to the market.
Houses that are partially covered with soil.