Essential Language Arts Terms
Terms in this set (36)
The associated, secondary, and emotional meaning of a word.
A figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it. For example: a news release that claims "The White House declared" rather than "The President declared"
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
An assertion, usually supported by evidence
The literal meaning of a word; the dictionary definition of a word.
The practice of beginning several consecutive or neighboring words with the same sound.
An extended metaphor, in which objects and people represent something larger than their literal meaning.
A reference; usually to a mythology, literature, the Bible, or history.
The character that stands directly opposed to the main character.
A figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply.
The repetition of accented vowel sounds in a series of words. Ex: Roy the boy liked that toy
The author's specific word choice intended to convey a certain effect.
A nicer, gentler way to say something; an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
A scene that interrupts the action of a work to show a previous event.
The use of hints or clues in a narrative to suggest future action.
A deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration
A part of speech which is particular to a group of speakers or a region. It is a phrase which has a non-literal meaning.
Descriptive words and phrases that create a vivid picture in the reader's mind; usually appeals to one of the five sense.
A situation or statement in which the actual outcome or meaning is opposite to what was expected.
When a situation turns out differently than one might normally expect.
When the audience knows or understands something that the characters do not.
When a speaker says one thing but means the opposite; similar to sarcasm.
A comparison of two unlike things not using "like" or "as."
The atmosphere or emotion in a text, created by the author's attitude.
A contradiction that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression.
To give human characteristics to something that is not human.
The sequence of events or actions in a short story, novel, play, or poem.
The central/ main character.
Point of View
The perspective from which a story is told.
The deliberate use of any element of language more than once - sound, word, phrase, sentence, grammatical pattern, or rhythmical pattern.
A tool writers use to critique or point out a flaw in society, an organization or an individual.
A comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words "like" or "as."
The arrangement of words and the order of grammatical elements. (Sentence structure)
The central message of a literary work - the idea the author wishes to convey about the subject.
The writer or speaker's attitude toward a subject, character, or audience conveyed through the author's choice of words and detail.
A character's incentive or reason for behaving in a certain manner; that which impels a character to act
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