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HST 221 - Yankaskas Midterm
Terms in this set (21)
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Daughter of an Aztec leader that was given to the Mayans as a slave and Cortes main translator.
Knew Aztec and Mayan language, One of Cortes' men spoke Mayan, lead to him speaking to Malinche in Mayan and Malinche speaking Aztec to Aztecs.
Child w/ Cortes, first documented mixed Mexican european.
Mother of mexicans.
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins.
A statement delivered in Spanish explaining the obligations of Indian people to the king of Spain and to the church and requiring their cooperation; Indians who failed to accept the statement could be killed or enslaved
Was said in Spanish, so the natives couldn't even know what they were saying
It gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work. In exchange, these settlers were supposed to protect the Native American people and convert them to Christianity
Las Casas got given land through the system, but then criticized the its ethics.
Bartolome de Las Casas
First bishop of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. He devoted most of his life to protecting Amerindian peoples from exploitation. His major achievement was the New Laws of 1542, which limited the ability of Spanish settlers to compel Amerindians to labor.
Native American revolt against the Spanish in late 17th century; expelled the Spanish for over 10 years; Spain began to take an accommodating approach to Natives after the revolt
A Pueblo Indian who became the main organizer of an uprising that aimed to drive the Spanish from their colony and restore the Indians' traditional autonomy.
a trade route that exchanged goods between the West Indies, the American colonies, and West Africa
Triangle; slaves to america from africa, raw materials from america to europe, manufacted goods from europe to africa
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
As soon as Europeans found new world, this started.
In 1655, this enslaved African sued for her freedom and won. She argued that:
1) her father was a free man, and by law she inherited her father's condition;
2) she had been baptized, implying that a Christian could not be a enslaved for life; and
3) she had been sold to another planter even after serving nine years as an indentured servant.
Judge ruled she was free, but this court case made a change in laws to make race more prominent in this discrimination instead of religion.
1676 - Nathaniel Bacon and other western Virginia settlers were angry at Virginia Governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements. The frontiersmen formed an army, with Bacon as its leader, which defeated the Indians and then marched on Jamestown and burned the city. The rebellion ended suddenly when Bacon died of an illness.
"Scripture alone." It is the belief that all man needs for salvation is the Bible. This is a tenet for most Protestants.
No need for organized religion in church
Winthrop's sermon about the City on the Hill.
Says if you're poor God wants you to be poor, so be the best poor person you can be to be in heaven.
Judge, businessman, and printer. Best known for his involvement in the Salem Witch Trials. Wrote the essay "The Selling of Joseph" (1700) which criticized slavery.
the migration in this period of English Puritans to Massachusetts and the West Indies, especially Barbados. They came in family groups rather than as isolated individuals and were motivated chiefly by a quest for freedom to practice their Puritan religion
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
Wanted separation of church and state
A Puritan woman who was well learned that disagreed with the Puritan Church in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Her actions resulted in her banishment from the colony, and later took part in the formation of Rhode Island. She displayed the importance of questioning authority.
The French sought to convert Native Americans trading partners and allies to Christianity (Catholic). Missionaries sent to Acadia in 1611 and Quebec in 1625 and serious efforts during the 1630s. French eventually converted Hurons in far larger numbers than New England settlers were ever able to do. Hurons became deeply integrated into French Canada and Christian villages.
Dates to know
1607 - Jamestown
1620 - May flower to plymouth
1676 - Bacon
1680 - Pueblo Revolt
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