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Ch. 19.1 and 19.2
General of Turkey - first name. Rallied forces to his country's defense against the Grecian. Created reforms that were more radical and made a more western way of life.
use latin alphabet - use western calander - use metric system - stop wearing fez - use western last names
King in Persia
Iranian army officer first name. Wanted persia to be more cut off from cultural influences. (Khan means lord)
Reza shah pahlavi
ruler of iran - second name. Sig because it showed how things changed when the nationalists overthrew the shah & set up a new gov.
Also under british control. British got money from rubber, oil, tin. Heavy taxes and strict labor laws
Nigerian Nationalist who wrote in the newspaper on nigerian and all african independence. West African Republic
Under british control and during WWI they helped out the british so they wanted independence. None granted.
Led the protest movement in Kenya
took over the protest for kenya- talked to them instead of fought made progress
Egyptian who fought for the independence from Britain. Partly won because Egypt recieved dominion stutus
The old name for Iran. Had mountains, deserts, oil. Shah rulers.
A traditional Turkish hat. Banned after Kemal's new reforms.
Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
the son of reza shah pahlavi who overthrew his father in gov because britain and russia made him believe he could. B & R wanted no ruler that would be an enemy
a prominent Austrian Jewish writer and journalist. ZIONIST
the document in which britain promised the jews their support in zionism
the belief and desire for a jewish homeland in israel
Under british control during this time. Fought hard against british officers for independence and british gave them dominion stutus
The Amritsar Massacre
when british officials attacked the unarmed demonstraters and killed a lot of people. At theat point, people began to really hate british.
Indian National Congress
led demonstrations to protest british rule
Mohandas K. Gandhi
leading indian nationalist who opposed war and promoted peace through methods of boycotting and ammadabad
a person opposed to using war and other violence to settle disputes
the refusal to obey laws that are considered unjust. Gandhi used civil obedience
Gandhi's way of civil disobedience. Means "truth force", the nonviolent protests Gandhi led after the Amritsar Massacre
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
leader of the muslim league who split the congress party (muslim was minority)
head of the hundu league (hindu was majority) wanted to unite india