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76 terms

history of the navy

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What was the reason for the formation of the United States Navy?
Navies are created from the spirit of independence and under the threat of war. They become mature by defending their country. This is the way it was with the first American Navy
During the late 18th century, battleships were classified as—
ships-of-the-line.
During 1775, a craft was completed to fight the British Navy. What type of craft was this, what was it named, and who was its inventor?
submarine, named the Turtle, and invented by David Bushnell.
What is the significance of the 1776 raid on the island of New Providence in the Bahamas?
first amphibious operation carried out by the American Navy and Marines
The first official recognition of the American Stars and Stripes flag by a foreign nation was given by (a) what nation in (b) what location?
(a) France (b) to the USS Ranger.
After the Revolutionary War,
the U.S. Navy defended America's small merchant ship fleet from the Barbary pirates.
Between the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, the U.S. Navy was involved with the—
Quasi War with France and b. Barbary States War.
Lord Nelson said that the _____
"one of the most bold and daring acts of the age."
Two actions of the U.S. Navy during the War of 1812 were—
The sea battle between the American frigate USS Constitution and the British frigate Guerriere and b. The victory of Captain Oliver Hazard Perry over the British squadron on Lake Erie.
During the Mexican-American War, the Navy
blockaded the port cities on the Gulf and the "Mosquito Fleet" provided protective action during the first large-scale amphibious operation in U.S. military history.
During the last part of the 19th century, naval developments included—
Introduction of ironclad ships b. Introduction of riverboats, rams, and gunboats c. Development of submarines d. Construction of steeled-hull protected cruisers, signaling the end of the ironclads e. Development of self-propelled torpedo and long-range torpedo boats f. Development of the internal combustion engine for ships
After developing the ironclad, the Confederate Navy developed the
submarine.
During the Civil War Battle of Mobile bay, Admiral Farragut gave order, "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead."
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Alfred T. Mahan influenced naval strategy through his books that stressed the idea that
without control of the seas, a nation couldn't expect victory. He was one of the first instructors at the Naval War College and shared his knowledge on sea power and the importance of understanding naval needs.
The Spanish-American war began when the
Maine was blown up and 250 Sailors were killed.
Commander George Dewey
was instrumental in quickly ending the Spanish-American War.
The development of airplanes occurred at this time.
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What date commemorates the birthday of the United States Navy?
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The Second Continental Congress approved the purchase of how many vessels?
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Which of the following were naval vessels in the early 19th century?
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What category of ship carried the largest number of guns?
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What type of ships did privateers typically sail?
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What ship was the first warfare submarine?
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Which of the following ships has the distinction of being the U.S. Navy's first flagship?
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What skipper captured 11 British ships off Newfoundland and sent them back to the States?
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What country was the first to recognize the "Stars and Stripes"?
France
John Paul Jones is often referred to as the "father of our highest naval traditions" because of the example he set as an officer during the Revolutionary War. He is also famous because of which of the following accomplishments?
His victory over the HMS Serapis
At various times during the Revolutionary War, the U.S. Navy had 56 vessels. What was the peak number of vessels that were operating at any one time?
27
Approximately how many ships did the British loose to privateers?
2,000
What is the oldest U.S. Navy ship still in commission?
Constitution
Who was president when the U.S. Navy Department was established?
John Adams
When did the expression "Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute" originate?
During the "Quasi" War
Who led the naval forces into Tripoli Harbor and destroyed the captured US frigate USS Philadelphia?
Stephen Decatur
The War of 1812 was caused, in part, by the efforts to accomplish which of the following goals?
Stopping forced service of American seamen in the British Navy
During the War of 1812, what ship earned the nickname "Old Ironsides"?
Constitution
On which of the following Great Lakes did Captain Oliver Hazard Perry defeat a British squadron, cutting British supply lines?
Lake Erie
What ship was one of the first ships-of-the line?
North Carolina
The first half of the 19th century saw a development that was to change navies all over the world. What was that development?
Steam power
In 1843, what invention incorporated in the USS Princeton paved the way for progress in the development of propulsion systems?
The screw propeller
In 1854, Commodore Perry signed a treaty that opened up what market to American trade?
Japan
Although neither side could claim victory, the battle between the USS Monitor and the Virginia (Merrimack) was important for which of the following reasons?
The battle began the era of the ironclads
The first true submarine attack was conducted against what Union ship?
USS Housatonic
During what Civil War battle was the order "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!" given?
Mobile Bay
What person defined sea power, showed the importance of knowing naval needs, and advocated a large, powerful Navy?
Alfred T. Mahan
What ship has been labeled as the first modern cruiser in the U.S. Fleet?
USS Newark
"Remember the Maine," referring to the USS Maine, was the battle cry for which of the following wars?
The Spanish-American War
In what year did the Navy accept its first operational submarine?
1900
Construction of our first destroyer began in what year?
1899
What ship was considered our first "first-class" battleship?
USS Indiana
Who was the Navy's first aviator?
Lt. Ellyson
Destroyers were first used effectively for antisubmarine warfare during what war?
World War I
In what war did women first serve as members of the Navy?
World War I
In what capacity did women first serve as members of the Navy?
Yeoman
What was the first aircraft carrier designed from the keel up?
USS Ranger
What was the first naval battle of World War II in which two opposing fleets didn't see each other during combat?
The Battle of the Coral Sea
What was the decisive battle of World War II that became the turning point of the war in the Pacific?
The Battle of Midway
During World War II, the Japanese loss/losses of what island(s) heralded the end of the war in the Pacific?
Iwo Jima
During World War II, the Navy was heavily involved in which of the following Atlantic (European) actions?
The invasion of Normandy
What were types of ships built during World War II?
1. Net tenders
2. Mine sweepers
3. Repair ships
Which of the following combat systems came into full use during World War II?
1. Radar
2. Sonar
During World War II, WAVES were eligible for how many ratings?
34
In what year was the Women's Armed Services Integration Act passed?
1948
The first extensive use of jet aircraft and helicopters occurred during what war?
The Korean Conflict
The first U.S. Navy nuclear-powered vessel was what type of ship?
Submarine
In what year did the USS Nautilus make its history-making transpolar voyage?
1958
In what year were the first nuclear-powered surface ships launched?
1961
In what year was the first American satellite placed in orbit?
1958
America's first suborbital flight was made by what Navy officer?
Commander Shepard Jr
What warfare tactics was used during the Vietnam Police Action?
1. Gunfire support
2. Riverine operations
3. Coastal interdiction
Which of the following ships was the world's first nuclear-powered carrier?
USS Enterprise
What moon mission was completely manned by Navy personnel?
Apollo 12
In what year was the Alvin, a deep diving vehicle, tested at 6,000-foot depths?
1965
In what year was the first nuclear-powered, deep-submergence research and ocean-engineering vehicle launched?
1969
What is/are principle development(s) of the Trident system?
1. A nuclear-powered fleet ballistic missile submarine
2. A strategic weapons system
3. An integrated logistics support system
Which of the following are the most recent additions to the surface fleet?
1. Ticonderoga-class cruisers
2. Arleigh Burke-class destroyers
The Navy helped move approximately how many pounds of equipment and supplies during Desert Shield/ Desert Storm?
18.3 billion tons