20 terms

Memory

Review for Psychology
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Memory
An internal record of representation of some prior event or experience
Recall
A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test.
Recognition
A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple-choice test.
Sensory Storage
very brief (0-1 seconds) memory storage immediately following initial reception of a stimulus
Selective Attention
Focusing conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, while excluding others.
Feature Extraction
ability to pick certain details and commit them to long term
Short Term Memory
Is a memory system known as (STM), It has a limited storage capacity where information is stored for a short period of time unless renewed in some way.
Rehearsal
Cognitive process in which information is repeated over and over as a possible way of learning and remembering it.
Chunking
Combining small pieces of information into larger clusters or chunks that are more easily held in short-term memory.
Mnemonic Device
Memory tools that enhance one's recall by relating information to knowledge with which it has no natural resemblance.
Rote Memorization
Remembering information by repetition without necessarily understanding the meaning of the information
Long Term Memory
Relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.
Memory Retrieval
Recall
Memory Encoding
the process of converting information into a form that can be stored in memory
Amnesia
A failure of memory caused by physical injury, disease, drug use, or psychological trauma.
Anterograde Amnesia
Inability to form LT Memories of events occurring after a brain injury or brain surgery....although memories formed before the trauma are usually intact & Short Term Memory is unaffected
Clive Wearing
A British musicologist, and conductor who suffers from an acute and long lasting case of anterograde amnesia and retrograde amnesia. He can't form new memories. His memory only lasts between 7 and 30 seconds.
Alzheimer's Disease
A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and finally physical functioning
Dementia
A set of disorders occurring almost entirely in old age in which many aspects of thought and behavior are so impaired that everyday activities are disrupted
Comprehension
Basically understand information, recall it, an identify examples of that information.
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