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Terms in this set (23)
Sigmund Freud established the first psychology laboratory at the University of Vienna, Austria.
Science of psychology developed from the more established fields of biology and philosophy.
Biggest and most persistent issue in psychology concerns the nature-nurture controversy- that is, the relative contributions of biology and experience to psychological traits and behavior.
As a science, psychology is objective and value-free
The purpose of the experiment is to re-create behaviors exactly as they occur in everyday life.
Evolutionary psychologists focus on what makes us alike as humans.
Both animals and humans seem to have reward centers located in the brain.
We ordinarily use only 10% of our brains.
Adoptees' traits such as extroversion and agreeableness bear more similarities to their adoptive parents than to their biological parents.
Adult humans cannot generate new brain cells.
survey, question, read, retrieve, review
The study method that boost students' learning and performance is (SQ3R):
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Much of our everyday thinking, feeling, and acting operate outside our conscious awareness
Allowed to sleep unhindered, most adults will sleep at least 9 hours a night.
Most psychologists believe that dreams provide a key understanding to our inner conflicts.
continued use of a psychoactive drug
Compulsive craving of drugs or certain behaviors despite adverse consequences
cessation of use of psychoactive drugs produce the undesirable side effect of ___________
substance abuse disorder
When a person experiences continued substance craving and use despite significant life disruption and/or physical risk, that person is considered to have ____________________
chemicals that change perceptions and moods are _____________
Both alcohol and marijuana impair the motor coordination, perceptual skills, and reaction time necessary for safely operating an automobile or other machine.
Children with the highest self-esteem tend to have been raised by authoritative parents.
Infants become attached to their parents largely because they are comfortable, familiar, and responsive. Denied such care, children may become withdrawn and anxious, and may eventually become abusive.
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