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study of mankind; the comprehensive and comparative study of past and present human populations and their origins
the analysis and explanation of social and cultural similarities and differences; the explanation of cultures
belief that you cannot understand any culture well without understanding others; you can't understand them in isolation; you have to compare
the idea that the study of any culture should be thoroughly integrated - how does everything affect everything else
the belief that there really are no true moral absolutes; you can only judge the moral beliefs of a culture by that culture
the belief that biology doesn't really matter in explaining cultural variation; culture has to be explained by culture
originally started as the study of epidemics, then branched out to diseases, etc.; studies frequency and distribution of disease
deals with cause and effect relationships; classify population by diseases and by attributes that which could influence these diseases
epidemiology that looks for relationships, tries to come up with what could be causing these diseases
critical approch of anthropology
focuses on inequality & its effects; more emphasis on political and economic factors
cultural approach of anthropology
focuses most heavily on cultural realities; heavy use of participant observation research
data involves subset of a population; usually representative of the population that we are interested in
certain traits are favored in different environments - those with the traits pass it on to future generations
because of way fat is distributed hold heat in torso when it is cold; live in warm area most of the time, but when it is cold, it's cold
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