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36 terms

Test: 1

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Main idea and the emotion of the music
By turning to the various soloists and sections during a performance, what does the conductor convey, not only to the orchestra, but also to the audience?
Rhythm
This term, referring to the organization of time in music, provides a shape or profile to the melody.
Beat
An even pulse that divides the passing of musical time into equal segments is called:
Ans: Beat
Meter
The gathering of beats into groups of two or three or a combination of the two creates a sense of:
Tempo
The speed at which beats occur is:
Syncopation
What term describes placing an accent on a weak beat or between beats?
Tune. It's the past we sing along with, the part we like and are willing to listen to again and again.
What definition is appropriate to melody?
Minor-Key
Negative feelings such as sorrow, fear, and despair are generally associated with this scale.
Timbre( or Color)
Which term refers to the distinct tone quality of sound?
Percussion
The timpani belongs to the ________ family of instruments.
Brass
The trombone belongs to the _____ family of instruments.
String
The cello belongs to the _______ family of instruments.
Woodwind
The oboe belongs to the __________ family of instruments.
Dynamics
The term that refers to the level of volume at which sounds are produced is:
Forte
The musical term for loud is
Piano
The musical term that tells the musician to sing or play softly is:
Monophony
Which term, which literally means "one sounding", consists of a single melody without accompaniment?
Polyphony
________ consists of two or more independent and autonomous lines.
Homophony
When various lines share the same general rhythmic pattern, forming chords that support a single melody, the result is __________
Organum
What is the term for the early polyphony of the Western Church
Proper of Mass
Chants for the Mass that are altered to suit the particular day or event are called:
Leoninus and Perotinus
Which composer's music was sung in the new cathedral of Notre Dame of Paris?
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei.
Which five sections of the Mass did fifteenth-century composers typically choose to give a musically unified polyphonic setting?
Hildegard of Bingen
This composer, who as a child was given to the church as a tithe, later founded a convent and gave advice to popes as well as kings.
It can be sung any time a Mass, in honor of the Virgin Mary, was celebrated.
The Mass of Our Lady is important because it:
Guillaume de Machaut
While this composer wrote liturgical music for the cathedral of Reims, he was also writing lyric poetry equal in quality to his younger British counterpart, Geoffrey Chaucer.
Humanism says that:
a. People are something more than a mere conduit for gifts descending from heaven.
b. They have the capacity to create many things good and beautiful.
c. They have the ability to sahpe their own world.
Which statement does not apply to the concept of humanism? (in other words, study humanism)
A Cappella
Which term designates a composition sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment?
The listener hears the voices enter in succession with the same musical motive.This process is calle Imitation, a procedure whereby one or more voices duplicate in turns the notes of a melody.
Which statement does not apply to the process of imitation?
Madrigal is a piece for several solo voice( 4 or 5) that sets a vernacular poem, most often about love, to music. It arose in Italy and soon spread to northern European countries. By 1630, Forty Thousands pieces were printed to satisfy public demands. Was a social art that both men and women could enjoy.
. Identify the incorrect statement regarding the madrigal.
Word Painting
When a madrigal artfully depicts, or even mimics the text, the result is called:
Motet is a composition of choir, setting a Latin text on a sacred subject, and intended to be sung either in a church or Chapel, or at home in private devotion.
Select the response that correctly defines the term "motet."
Josquin Desprez
Although this composer was born in northern Europe, he spent most of his early career in Italy, where he excelled in writing motets.
Josquin Desprez
This temperamental and egotistical composer, who was described as the musical equivalent of Michelangelo, was so talented that he could demand twice the salary of his gifted peers
Thomas Weelkes
Who wrote a madrigal in honor of Queen Elizabeth?
Giovanni Palestrina
__________ ___________ spent nearly his entire career working at major churches in Rome. His serene musical style came to epitomize the restrained spirit of the Counter-Reformation.