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Abnormal Psychology Exam #2 on Oct 23rd 2019
Terms in this set (51)
Lee always feels threatened and anxious, imagining something awful is about to happen. She's able to work and care for her family although, not as well she would like. She's probably experiencing __________
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
According to DSM-5, one must demonstrate symptoms of edginess, sleep change, distress, and excessive worry for __________ to be diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder
Which theoretical position explains the origin of anxiety disorders as the overrun of defense mechanisms?
If a person criticized everything he did looking for flaws and never could measure up to his personal standards. He would be exhibiting what Rogers called _________
Conditions of Worth
Mia believes that it is a dire necessity for her to be loved or approved by everyone and that is is catastrophic if things are not the way she wants them. She's displaying basic _______
Basic Irrational Assumption
Which is an example of a meta-worry?
Worrying about Worrying
Teaching people to accept their worries and live in the present moment is most consistent with which theoretical approach?
Benzodiazepines (Benzos) are believed to be effective in treating generalized anxiety disorders because they mimic the effect of _______ at certain receptor sites in the brain
Which is not a disadvantage of taking Benzodiazepines?
Lack of sleep, increase anxiety, and facility
What is the primary difference between a common fear and a phobia?
Phobia leads to a greater desire to avoid the object
Experiences of observation teach us early in life that certain objects are legitimate sources of fear. The person who believes this spouses the ________ explanation of the development of phobias
Pairing the thought of feared objects and relaxation training is an aspect of _________
Which is not a component of social anxiety disorder according to research by cognitive theorists?
Underestimating how badly a social event went
Rana's ♡ was racing from the 4 cups of coffee she had just finished but she thought she might be having a ♡ attack. Her fear seemed to be increasing without end, this might be the begging of a __________
The phobia most often associated with panic disorder is __________
Anti-depressants drugs are frequently effective in treating panic attacks. The disorder is related to levels of the neurotransmitter _________
What type of drug is Alprazolam (Xanax) ?
Lee and Tom both get racing ♡'s once in a while, when it happens to Tom he panics and thinks he's going to die. Gradually he has developed panic attacks if he even thinks that his ♡ is beating strongly.
When Lee's ♡ starts beating strongly he looks at his current activity to understand what is producing the sensations. Tom apparently has a high degree of ________
People who experience obsessions show __________
Thoughts that are intrusive and foreign to them
According to Freud, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders (OCD) have their origin in the __________ development
Behaviorists believe that compulsive behavior _________
Is reinforced because engaging in it reduces anxiety
Which brain area have been implicated in Obsessive-Compulsive symptoms?
Orbital Frontal Cortex and the Cadet Nuclei
People who have a biological vulnerability for anxiety that is brought to the surface by social/psychological factors develop generalized anxiety disorders. According to the _________
According to the biological perspective, malfunctioning of which neurological transmitter system contributes to generalized anxiety disorder?
The statement "This is awful but I guess I can deal with it like I do everything else" this represents one person's __________
In the face of fear, a person's is unable to concentrate and develops a distorted view of the world this person is showing which fear response?
What do acute and PTSD have in common with dissociate disorders?
They're triggered by traumatic events
The organ that produces a hormone that is involved in the reaction to fearful and stressful situations is the ___________
I'm generally a calm, relaxed person if you're generally a tense, excitable person we defer in ________ anxiety
A person with PTSD who refuses to talk about the trauma they experienced is _____________
People with low incomes are __________ as likely as people with higher incomes to experience one of the stress disorders
Which statement about rape is accurate?
Most rape victims are young adults
Which of the following is not a top distressor in the United States?
According to research which person would probably not develop a stress disorder following trauma?
Someone who believes that events are generally under his or her control
A combat veteran undergoing eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is experiencing ____________ therapy
If you had lost your sense of identity what would most likely be disrupted?
Which diagnosis includes a breakdown in sense of self, a significant alteration in memory or identity and even a separation of one part of the identity from another part?
Ever since the auto accident during which he was miraculously unhurt Ally, hasn't been the same. He forgets appointments, friends names and even things done in the last few days. He is amnesia is determined _________
A client who is talking calmly and rationally all of a sudden begins whining and complaining like a spoiled child. If that client suffers from true dissociate identity disorder the client just experienced __________
When all of the sub personalities in a person with dissociative identity disorder are aware of one another is is determined a __________
Mutually Cognitive Patterns
Psychodynamic theorists believe that dissociative amnesia and fukes result from ___________
Which hypothesis is used to explain disocative disorders is shared by psychodynamic and behavioral theorists?
They serve to help to help some scape something unpleasant
If you've studied for this exam why you were unusually happy you will probably do best taking it while you are __________ ?
What conclusion does research on hypnosis and hypnotic amnesia support?
Dissoacative disorders are similar to behaviors seen in hypnotic amnesia
A strong feeling of knowing is associated with ___________
Tip of the tongue phenomenon
People with which disoccative disorder typically do not tend to socially recover without receiving treatment to eventually recover
Dissocative Identity Disorder
The affects of taking hallucinogens accompany with feelings of objects are changing size, other people are distorted and that might be mechanical is similar to ____________
When a person feels that the external world is removed mechanical distorted or even dead, he or she is experiencing __________
The heightened biochemical arousal of PTSD victims may eventually damage which parts of their brain?
Hippocampus and Amygdala
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