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EMT Legal quiz
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Terms in this set (35)
What is the term used for failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide?
What is the term used for unlawfully placing a person in fear of immediate bodily harm without consent?
What type of consent is obtained for a patient who is unconscious or unable to communicate and is suffering from what appears to be a life-threatening injury or illness.
Body substance isolation (BSI) consists of all of the following except?
## What is the first assessment an EMT should make when approaching any scene?
Assure the scene is safe
What is the standard that states: similarly qualified practitioners would have managed the patient's care under the same or similar circumstances.
Standard of Care
What is the law that Safeguards patient confidentiality?
What is the terminology used when a patient has written documentation that they do not want to be resuscitated?
Do not Resuscitate
What type of consent is obtained for someone who verbally tells you "yes" you can treat them?
Term used for unlawful touching of somebody.
Legal term based on the principle that you should not be liable when assisting another in good faith
Good Samaritan Act
With a Comfort One (Do Not Resuscitate) order, RIEMS protocol states that we can do all of the following except
What is the term used for a child under the age of 18 who lives on their own and can make decisions on their own?
Emancipation of a minor
EMT's can determine someone dead based on all of the following conditions Except
Absent pulse upon arrival, warm skin, witnessed event
The standard that assumes all blood and body fluids are infectious and requires emergency personnel to follow strict procedures to protect themselves from them is referred to as:
Body substance isolation
You are dispatched to the scene of a 9 year old girl who has been struck by a car. Police are unable to reach her parents. What gives you the ability to treat the girl?
You are dispatched to 123 Apple Wood Road to a call for an injured woman. As you approach the door of the home, a man opens the door and tells you "this is none of your business" and to "get out of here". What is the correct course of action in this case?
Return to the ambulance drive a safe distance away and call for the police to help
If a patient refuses treatment and an EMT treats the patient anyway, what crime can the EMT be charged with?
What law provides protection from legal action to someone who provides help to an injured person?
Good Samaritan Law
You respond to a baby not breathing. Upon arrival you find a 3 month old not breathing and pulseless. You begin CPR. The parents grab you and say "is my baby going to be okay?" What do you say?
Tell them he does not have a pulse, but we are doing the best we can to restart it but he is not responding well.
A legal document, usually signed by the patient and their physician, which states that the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitative efforts, is called a(n)
Do Not Resuscitate order
An EMT's obligation in certain situations to provide care to a patient is referred to as a(n)
Duty to Act
When caring for a 65-year-old male with respiratory distress, you place him in a comfortable position, but do not apply oxygen. The patient's condition continues to deteriorate and he develops cardiac arrest and dies at the hospital. This scenario is an example of:
While transporting a stable patient with chest pain to the hospital, you come across a major motor-vehicle crash involving several critically injured patients. Your MOST appropriate action should be to:
Stop at the accident and request another ambulance to transport your patient with chest pain
Which of the following statements regarding the Good Samaritan Law is correct?
It will not protect you in cases of gross negligence
You arrive on scene of a motor vehicle versus pedestrian accident. The patient is a 13-year-old male, is unconscious and has multiple injuries. As you are treating the child, a law enforcement officer advises you that the child's parent will be at the scene in approximately 15 minutes. What should you do?
Transport the child immediately and have the parents meet you at the hospital
You and your partner are attempting to resuscitate a middle-aged female in cardiac arrest. Because of the remote location that you are in, you're unable to contact medical control, what should you do?
Follow locally established protocols or standing orders
Medical control gives you an order that seems inappropriate for the patient's condition. After confirming that you heard the physician correctly, you should:
Advise the physician that the order is unclear and ask for clarification
A patient with a persistent cough informs an EMT that he has tested positive for HIV. On the basis of this information, the EMT-B refuses to treat this patient. Which of the following statements best describes this situation?
Your respond to a Convalescent Center for an 88-year-old female with altered mental status. A staff nurse advises you that the patient has terminal cancer and that her physician stated that she will probably die within the next few hours; a valid do not resuscitate (DNR) order is presented to you. When caring for this patient you should:
Make her comfortable and provide emotional support
A 40 year old female is at her office. She is confused, unable to answer simple questions (where are you?, who is the president?) but cooperative. She is refusing your care and your offer to transport her. Her vital signs are normal and there are no obvious signs of illness or injury. You should:
Request police to respond
You respond to the home of a 59-year-old male who is unconscious, has slow, shallow breathing, and a weak pulse. The family states the patient has terminal brain cancer and does not wish to be resuscitated. They further state that there is a Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) order for this patient however they are unable to locate it. You should:
Begin treatment and contact medical control as needed
You suspect that a six-year-old girl has broken her leg after a fall from a swing at a playground. Shortly after you arrive, the child's mother appears and refuses to allow you to continue treatment. You should:
Try to persuade the mother that treatment is needed
Under what circumstances can you legally release confidential patient information
When the patient is competent and signs a release form
As you are wheeling your patient through the emergency doors, you receive another call for a major motor vehicle crash. You should:
respond only after giving a verbal patient report to a nurse or physician
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